Nuclear hormone receptors are hormone-regulated transcription factors that bind to specific sites on DNA and modulate the expression of adjacent target genes. Many nuclear hormone receptors display bimodal transcriptional properties; thyroid hormone receptors, for example, typically repress target gene expression in the absence of hormone, but activate target gene expression in the presence of hormone. The ability to repress is closely linked to the ability of the apo-receptor to physically bind to auxiliary corepressor proteins denoted SMRT (silencing mediator of retinoic acid and thyroid hormone receptor) and N-CoR (nuclear receptor corepressor), which, in turn, help mediate the actual molecular events involved in transcriptional silencing. We report here that repression by thyroid hormone receptors can be regulated not only by cognate hormone, but also by certain tyrosine kinase signal transduction pathways, such as that represented by the epidermal growth factor-receptor. Activation of tyrosine kinase signaling leads to inhibition of T3R-mediated repression with relatively little effect on activation. These effects appear to be mediated by a kinase-initiated disruption of the ability of T3R to interact with SMRT corepressor. Intriguingly, tyrosine kinase signaling similarly disrupted the interactions of SMRT with v-Erb A, with retinoic acid receptors, and with PLZF, a nonreceptor transcriptional repressor. We conclude that tyrosine kinase signaling exerts potentially important regulatory effects on transcriptional silencing mediated by a variety of transcription factors that operate through the SMRT corepressor complex.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||11|
|State||Published - 1998|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism