Short-term hemodynamic effects of hydralazine in infants with complete atrioventricular canal defects

M. Artman, Mark D Parrish, R. C. Boerth, R. J. Boucek, T. P. Graham

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations


We evaluated the acute hemodynamic responses to hydralazine during cardiac catheterization in eight infants (ages 1.0 to 5.5 months) with congestive heart failure due to complete atrioventricular canal defect. Hydralazine administered intravenously (0.5 to 1.0 mg/kg body weight) increased heart rate and systemic blood flow and decreased mean right atrial pressure, systemic and pulmonic arterial pressures, systemic arteriolar resistance, and the ratio of pulmonary to systemic blood flow (p < .05). The percentage of pulmonary flow contributed by shunted blood (percent left-to-right shunt; measured by indicator dilution) was decreased by hydralazine in six (mean = 85% before to 64% after hydralazine; p < .01), but remained unchanged (79%) in two infants. The two infants with no change in percent left-to-right shunt had higher pulmonary arteriolar resistances (Rp) before hydralazine (mean = 12.8 vs 3.2 U/m2) and had greater declines in Rp (mean change = -5.1 vs +0.3 U/m2) in response to hydralazine. Thus, if Rp does not fall, hydralazine reduces the percentage of left-to-right shunt over the short term and therefore might be useful for managing congestive heart failure in these infants. However, because the response varies, an evaluation of the short-term hemodynamic effects of hydralazine may be warranted in an attempt to select those infants who might respond favorably to long-term hydralazine therapy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)949-954
Number of pages6
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1984
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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