Shear and time-dependent changes in Mac-1, LFA-1, and ICAM-3 binding regulate neutrophil homotypic adhesion

Sriram Neelamegham, Andrew D. Taylor, Harish Shankaran, C. Wayne Smith, Scott I. Simon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

46 Scopus citations


We examined the relative contributions of LFA-1, Mac-1, and ICAM-3 to homotypic neutrophil adhesion over the time course of formyl peptide stimulation at shear rates ranging from 100 to 800 s-1. Isolated human neutrophils were sheared in a cone-plate viscometer and the kinetics of aggregate formation was measured by flow cytometry. The efficiency of cell adhesion was computed by fitting the aggregate formation rates with a model based on two-body collision theory. Neutrophil homotypic adhesion kinetics varied with shear rate and was most efficient at 800 s-1, where ~40% of the collisions resulted in adhesion. A panel of blocking Abs to LFA-1, Mac-1, and ICAM-3 was added to assess the relative contributions of these molecules. We report that 1) LFA-1 binds ICAM-3 as its primary ligand supporting homotypic adhesion, although the possibility of other ligands was also detected. 2) Mac-1 binding to an unidentified ligand supports homotypic adhesion with an efficiency comparable to LFA-1 at low shear rates of ~100 s-1. Above 300 s-1, however, Mac-1 and not LFA-1 were the predominant molecules supporting cell adhesion. This is in contrast to neutrophil adhesion to ICAM-1-transfected cells, where LFA-1 binds with a higher avidity than Mac-1 to ICAM-1. 3) Following stimulation, the capacity of LFA-1 to support aggregate formation decreases with time at a rate ~3-fold faster than that of Mac-1. The results suggest that the relative contributions of β2 integrins and ICAM-3 to neutrophil adhesion is regulated by the magnitude of fluid shear and time of stimulus over a range of blood flow conditions typical of the venular microcirculation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3798-3805
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Immunology
Issue number7
StatePublished - Apr 1 2000

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology


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