Sex-Specific Outcomes of Transcatheter Mitral-Valve Repair and Medical Therapy for Mitral Regurgitation in Heart Failure

Ioanna Kosmidou, Jo Ann Lindenfeld, William T. Abraham, Michael J. Rinaldi, Samir R. Kapadia, Vivek Rajagopal, Ian J. Sarembock, Andreas Brieke, Prakriti Gaba, Jason H. Rogers, Bahira Shahim, Björn Redfors, Zixuan Zhang, Michael J. Mack, Gregg W. Stone

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: This study sought to assess the sex-specific outcomes in patients with heart failure (HF) with 3+ and 4+ secondary mitral regurgitation (SMR) treated with transcatheter mitral valve repair (TMVr) plus guideline-directed medical therapy (GDMT) versus GDMT alone in the COAPT trial. Background: The impact of sex in patients with HF and severe SMR treated with TMVr with the MitraClip compared with GDMT alone is unknown. Methods: Patients were randomized 1:1 to TMVr versus GDMT alone. Two-year outcomes were examined according to sex. Results: Among 614 patients, 221 (36.0%) were women. Women were younger than men and had fewer comorbidities, but reduced quality of life and functional capacity at baseline. In a joint frailty model accounting for the competing risk of death, the 2-year cumulative incidence of the primary endpoint of all HF hospitalizations (HFH) was higher in men compared with women treated with GDMT alone. However, the relative reduction in HFHs with TMVr was greater in men (HR: 0.43; 95% CI: 0.34-0.54) than women (HR: 0.78; 95% CI: 0.57-1.05) (Pinteraction = 0.002). A significant interaction between TMVr versus GDMT alone treatment and time was present for all HFHs in women (HR: 0.57; 95% CI: 0.39-0.84, and HR: 1.39; 95% CI: 0.83-2.33 between 0-1 year and 1-2 years after randomization, respectively, Pinteraction = 0.007) but not in men (HR: 0.48; 95% CI: 0.36-0.64, and HR: 0.33; 95% CI: 0.21-0.51; Pinteraction = 0.16). Female sex was independently associated with a lower adjusted risk of death at 2 years (HR: 0.64; 95% CI: 0.46-0.90; P = 0.011). TMVr consistently reduced 2-year mortality compared with GDMT alone, irrespective of sex (Pinteraction = 0.99). Conclusions: In the COAPT trial, TMVr with the MitraClip resulted in improved clinical outcomes compared with GDMT alone, irrespective of sex. However, the impact of TMVr in reducing HFH was less pronounced in women compared with men beyond the first year after treatment. (Cardiovascular Outcomes Assessment of the MitraClip Percutaneous Therapy for Heart Failure Patients With Functional Mitral Regurgitation [The COAPT Tria] [COAPT]; NCT01626079)

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)674-683
Number of pages10
JournalJACC: Heart Failure
Volume9
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2021

Keywords

  • heart failure
  • mortality
  • sex
  • transcutaneous mitral valve repair

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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