Serum insulin-like growth factor-I concentration in cats with diabetes mellitus and acromegaly

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40 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Serum insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) has been used in place of serum growth hormone quantification for identifying acromegaly in diabetic cats. The utility of IGF-I as a screening test for acromegaly has not been critically evaluated. This retrospective study was performed to evaluate the usefulness of serum IGF-I concentration for identifying acromegaly. Hypothesis: Serum IGF-I is a useful screening test for acromegaly in diabetic cats. Animals: A review was made of the medical records of 74 diabetic cats that had serum IGF-I quantified. The diabetes was classified as well controlled (15 cats), poorly controlled because of problems with the insulin treatment regimen, concurrent disease, or both (40), or poorly controlled with clinical findings consistent with acromegaly (19). Methods: A review of medical records was made. Results: Serum IGF-I concentration was significantly (P < .0001) increased in acromegalic diabetic cats, compared with well-controlled and poorly controlled diabetic cats. Sensitivity and specificity for serum IGF-I concentration were 84% (95% confidence interval [CI] = 60.4-96.6%) and 92% (95% CI = 81.3-97.2%), respectively. There was no significant correlation between serum IGF-I concentration and duration of insulin treatment (r = 0.23, P = .089), insulin dosage (r = 0.14, P = .30), age (r = 0.16, P = .12), and pituitary volume (r = 0.40, P = .11), but a modest correlation was found between serum IGF-I concentration and body weight (r = 0.48, P < .0001). Conclusions and Clinical Importance: Results support the use of serum IGF-I concentration as a screening test for acromegaly in diabetic cats that have clinical findings supportive of the disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)892-898
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
Volume21
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2007

Keywords

  • Cat
  • Glucose homeostasis
  • Growth hormone
  • Insulin resistance
  • Pituitary tumor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

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