Serum hepatitis associated with commercial plasma transfusion in horses

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

38 Scopus citations

Abstract

This report describes 4 fatal cases of serum hepatitis associated with the administration of commercial plasma in the horse. Serum hepatitis in the horse is characterized by acute hepatic central lobular necrosis, and it has been associated with the administration of biological products of equine origin. None of these horses had a recent history of equine biologic-origin vaccination; however, they had received 1.5-5 L of commercial plasma, and in 1 horse, an additional 8 L of fresh blood. Acute, severe colic unresponsive to medical therapy, lethargy, or sudden death developed in these 4 horses 41 to 60 days later. Two of the horses developed encephalopathy, confirmed in 1 horse by the presence of severe diffuse Alzheimer type II astrocytes in the brain. Although the prevalence of serum hepatitis associated with the administration of commercial plasma appears to be low in the horse, it should be considered an uncommon but potentially fatal risk factor.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)120-122
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
Volume19
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2005

Keywords

  • Encephalopathy
  • Horse
  • Plasma transfusion
  • Serum hepatitis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

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