Serosurvey for Influenza D Virus Exposure in Cattle, United States, 2014-2015

Simone Silveira, Shollie M. Falkenberg, Bryan S. Kaplan, Beate Crossley, Julia F. Ridpath, Fernando B. Bauermann, Charles P. Fossler, David A. Dargatz, Rohana P. Dassanayake, Amy L. Vincent, Cláudio W. Canal, John D. Neill

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Influenza D virus has been detected predominantly in cattle from several countries. In the United States, regional and state seropositive rates for influenza D have previously been reported, but little information exists to evaluate national seroprevalence. We performed a serosurveillance study with 1,992 bovine serum samples collected across the country in 2014 and 2015. We found a high overall seropositive rate of 77.5% nationally; regional rates varied from 47.7% to 84.6%. Samples from the Upper Midwest and Mountain West regions showed the highest seropositive rates. In addition, seropositive samples were found in 41 of the 42 states from which cattle originated, demonstrating that influenza D virus circulated widely in cattle during this period. The distribution of influenza D virus in cattle from the United States highlights the need for greater understanding about pathogenesis, epidemiology, and the implications for animal health.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2074-2080
Number of pages7
JournalEmerging infectious diseases
Volume25
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2019

Keywords

  • bovine
  • bovine respiratory disease
  • epidemiology
  • hemagglutination inhibition assay
  • influenza
  • influenza D virus
  • United States
  • viruses
  • zoonoses

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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    Silveira, S., Falkenberg, S. M., Kaplan, B. S., Crossley, B., Ridpath, J. F., Bauermann, F. B., Fossler, C. P., Dargatz, D. A., Dassanayake, R. P., Vincent, A. L., Canal, C. W., & Neill, J. D. (2019). Serosurvey for Influenza D Virus Exposure in Cattle, United States, 2014-2015. Emerging infectious diseases, 25(11), 2074-2080. https://doi.org/10.3201/eid2511.190253