Seroprevalence of Bartonella infection in American free-ranging and captive pumas (Felis concolor) and bobcats (Lynx rufus)

Bruno B Chomel, Yoko Kikuchi, Janice S. Martenson, Melodie E. Roelke-Parker, Chao Chin Chang, Rickie W. Kasten, Janet E Foley, John Laudre, Kerry Murphy, Pamela K. Swift, Vicki L. Kramer, Stephen J. O'Brien

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Bartonella henselae is the main agent of cat scratch disease in humans and domestic cats are the main reservoir of this bacterium. We conducted a serosurvey to investigate the role of American wild felids as a potential reservoir of Bartonella species. A total of 479 samples (439 serum samples and 40 Nobuto strips) collected between 1984 and 1999 from pumas (Felis concolor) and 91 samples (58 serum samples and 33 Nobuto strips) collected from bobcats (Lynx rufus) in North America, Central America and South America were screened for B. henselae antibodies. The overall prevalence of B. henselae antibodies was respectively 19.4% in pumas and 23.1% in bobcats, with regional variations. In the USA, pumas from the southwestern states were more likely to be seropositive for B. henselae (prevalence ratio (PR) = 2.82, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.55, 5.11) than pumas from the Northwest and Mountain states. Similarly, adults were more likely to be B. henselae seropositive than juveniles and kittens (PR = 1.77, 95% CI = 1.07, 2.93). Adult pumas were more likely to have higher B. henselae antibody titers than juveniles and kittens (p = 0.026). B. henselae antibody prevalence was 22.4% (19/85) in bobcats from the USA and 33.3% (2/6) in the Mexican bobcats. In the USA, antibody prevalence varied depending on the geographical origin of the bobcats. In California, the highest prevalence was in bobcats from the coastal range (37.5%). These results suggest a potential role of wild felids in the epidemiological cycle of Bartonella henselae or closely related Bartonella species.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)233-241
Number of pages9
JournalVeterinary Research
Volume35
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2004

Fingerprint

Lynx
Puma
Bartonella Infections
Bartonella henselae
Lynx rufus
Bartonella
Puma concolor
Seroepidemiologic Studies
seroprevalence
infection
Antibodies
Felidae
kittens
antibodies
confidence interval
cat scratch disease
Confidence Intervals
Cat-Scratch Disease
Central America
sampling

Keywords

  • Bartonella henselae
  • Bobcat
  • Felis concolor
  • Lynx rufus
  • Puma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

Cite this

Chomel, B. B., Kikuchi, Y., Martenson, J. S., Roelke-Parker, M. E., Chang, C. C., Kasten, R. W., ... O'Brien, S. J. (2004). Seroprevalence of Bartonella infection in American free-ranging and captive pumas (Felis concolor) and bobcats (Lynx rufus). Veterinary Research, 35(2), 233-241. https://doi.org/10.1051/vetres:2004001

Seroprevalence of Bartonella infection in American free-ranging and captive pumas (Felis concolor) and bobcats (Lynx rufus). / Chomel, Bruno B; Kikuchi, Yoko; Martenson, Janice S.; Roelke-Parker, Melodie E.; Chang, Chao Chin; Kasten, Rickie W.; Foley, Janet E; Laudre, John; Murphy, Kerry; Swift, Pamela K.; Kramer, Vicki L.; O'Brien, Stephen J.

In: Veterinary Research, Vol. 35, No. 2, 03.2004, p. 233-241.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Chomel, BB, Kikuchi, Y, Martenson, JS, Roelke-Parker, ME, Chang, CC, Kasten, RW, Foley, JE, Laudre, J, Murphy, K, Swift, PK, Kramer, VL & O'Brien, SJ 2004, 'Seroprevalence of Bartonella infection in American free-ranging and captive pumas (Felis concolor) and bobcats (Lynx rufus)', Veterinary Research, vol. 35, no. 2, pp. 233-241. https://doi.org/10.1051/vetres:2004001
Chomel, Bruno B ; Kikuchi, Yoko ; Martenson, Janice S. ; Roelke-Parker, Melodie E. ; Chang, Chao Chin ; Kasten, Rickie W. ; Foley, Janet E ; Laudre, John ; Murphy, Kerry ; Swift, Pamela K. ; Kramer, Vicki L. ; O'Brien, Stephen J. / Seroprevalence of Bartonella infection in American free-ranging and captive pumas (Felis concolor) and bobcats (Lynx rufus). In: Veterinary Research. 2004 ; Vol. 35, No. 2. pp. 233-241.
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abstract = "Bartonella henselae is the main agent of cat scratch disease in humans and domestic cats are the main reservoir of this bacterium. We conducted a serosurvey to investigate the role of American wild felids as a potential reservoir of Bartonella species. A total of 479 samples (439 serum samples and 40 Nobuto strips) collected between 1984 and 1999 from pumas (Felis concolor) and 91 samples (58 serum samples and 33 Nobuto strips) collected from bobcats (Lynx rufus) in North America, Central America and South America were screened for B. henselae antibodies. The overall prevalence of B. henselae antibodies was respectively 19.4{\%} in pumas and 23.1{\%} in bobcats, with regional variations. In the USA, pumas from the southwestern states were more likely to be seropositive for B. henselae (prevalence ratio (PR) = 2.82, 95{\%} confidence interval (CI) = 1.55, 5.11) than pumas from the Northwest and Mountain states. Similarly, adults were more likely to be B. henselae seropositive than juveniles and kittens (PR = 1.77, 95{\%} CI = 1.07, 2.93). Adult pumas were more likely to have higher B. henselae antibody titers than juveniles and kittens (p = 0.026). B. henselae antibody prevalence was 22.4{\%} (19/85) in bobcats from the USA and 33.3{\%} (2/6) in the Mexican bobcats. In the USA, antibody prevalence varied depending on the geographical origin of the bobcats. In California, the highest prevalence was in bobcats from the coastal range (37.5{\%}). These results suggest a potential role of wild felids in the epidemiological cycle of Bartonella henselae or closely related Bartonella species.",
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