Seroprevalence and treatment for skin lesions of rabbit syphilis in pet rabbits

Sun Jeong Kweon, Sang Hun Kim, Hyung Jin Park, Kyoung Won Seo, Kun Ho Song

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


A total of 122 rabbits (40 males, 51 females, 25 castrated males and 6 spayed females; age range: 3 months to 11 years; weight range: 0.8-3.4 kg) were admitted to Veterinary Medical Teaching Hospital of Chungnam National University from January 2012 to February 2013. The syphilis rapid test was positive in 21.3% of rabbits, with a significant difference in the rates of positivity between male versus female rabbits and rabbits younger than 1 year versus older than 1 year of age (both p < 0.01). Skin lesions were detected around the lips (59.1%), nose (56.5%), genitalia (50.0%), anus (40.9%) and eyelids (18.2%). Coexisting skin lesions were found on the nose and lips (26.0%); anus and genitalia (21.8%); lips, anus and genitalia (17.4%) of rabbits. Twenty-two rabbits with skin lesions were subcutaneously treated with Penicillin G (48,000-84,000 IU/kg, Green cross, Korea) every 7 days for three or four weeks. All skin lesions were disappeared after Penicillin G treatment. In conclusion, a rabbits with skin lesions and serological test positive for syphilis should undergo prompt treatment and not be used for breeding.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)15-18
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Veterinary Clinics
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 1 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • Rabbit syphilis
  • Seroprevalence
  • Skin lesions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)


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