Seroprevalence and treatment for skin lesions of rabbit syphilis in pet rabbits

Sun Jeong Kweon, Sang Hun Kim, Hyung Jin Park, Kyoung Won Seo, Kun Ho Song

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

A total of 122 rabbits (40 males, 51 females, 25 castrated males and 6 spayed females; age range: 3 months to 11 years; weight range: 0.8-3.4 kg) were admitted to Veterinary Medical Teaching Hospital of Chungnam National University from January 2012 to February 2013. The syphilis rapid test was positive in 21.3% of rabbits, with a significant difference in the rates of positivity between male versus female rabbits and rabbits younger than 1 year versus older than 1 year of age (both p < 0.01). Skin lesions were detected around the lips (59.1%), nose (56.5%), genitalia (50.0%), anus (40.9%) and eyelids (18.2%). Coexisting skin lesions were found on the nose and lips (26.0%); anus and genitalia (21.8%); lips, anus and genitalia (17.4%) of rabbits. Twenty-two rabbits with skin lesions were subcutaneously treated with Penicillin G (48,000-84,000 IU/kg, Green cross, Korea) every 7 days for three or four weeks. All skin lesions were disappeared after Penicillin G treatment. In conclusion, a rabbits with skin lesions and serological test positive for syphilis should undergo prompt treatment and not be used for breeding.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)15-18
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Veterinary Clinics
Volume31
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 1 2014
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Pets
Seroepidemiologic Studies
skin lesions
Syphilis
seroprevalence
pets
rabbits
Rabbits
Skin
Genitalia
anus
Anal Canal
lips
Lip
genitalia
benzylpenicillin
Penicillin G
Nose
Therapeutics
eyelids

Keywords

  • Rabbit syphilis
  • Seroprevalence
  • Skin lesions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

Cite this

Seroprevalence and treatment for skin lesions of rabbit syphilis in pet rabbits. / Kweon, Sun Jeong; Kim, Sang Hun; Park, Hyung Jin; Seo, Kyoung Won; Song, Kun Ho.

In: Journal of Veterinary Clinics, Vol. 31, No. 1, 01.02.2014, p. 15-18.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kweon, SJ, Kim, SH, Park, HJ, Seo, KW & Song, KH 2014, 'Seroprevalence and treatment for skin lesions of rabbit syphilis in pet rabbits', Journal of Veterinary Clinics, vol. 31, no. 1, pp. 15-18.
Kweon, Sun Jeong ; Kim, Sang Hun ; Park, Hyung Jin ; Seo, Kyoung Won ; Song, Kun Ho. / Seroprevalence and treatment for skin lesions of rabbit syphilis in pet rabbits. In: Journal of Veterinary Clinics. 2014 ; Vol. 31, No. 1. pp. 15-18.
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