Serologic survey of Toxoplasma gondii in grizzly bears (Ursus arctos) and black bears (Ursus americanus), from Alaska, 1988 to 1991.

Bruno B Chomel, R. L. Zarnke, R. W. Kasten, Philip H Kass, E. Mendes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

We tested 644 serum samples from 480 grizzly bears and 40 black bears from Alaska (USA), collected between 1988 and 1991, for Toxoplasma gondii antibodies, using a commercially available latex agglutination test (LAT). A titer > or = 64 was considered positive. Serum antibody prevalence for T. gondii in grizzly bears (Ursus arctos) was 18% (87 of 480). Prevalence ranged from 9% (seven of 77) on Kodiak Island to 28% (15 of 54) in northern Alaska. Prevalence was directly correlated to age. No grizzly bears < 2-year-old had T. gondii antibody. High antibody titers were found mainly in grizzly bears captured north of the Arctic Circle. Antibody prevalence in black bears (Ursus americanus) from Interior Alaska was 15% (six of 40), similar to the prevalence in grizzly bears from the same area (13%; five of 40).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)472-479
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Wildlife Diseases
Volume31
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 1995

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

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