Serologic survey for infectious pathogens in free-ranging American bison

Sharon K. Taylor, V Michael Lane, David L. Hunter, Kendal G. Eyre, Sandra Kaufman, Stephen Frye, Mark R. Johnson

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

32 Scopus citations

Abstract

From November 1991 through March 1992, we evaluated 101 free-ranging American bison (Bison bison) from Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming (USA) for exposure to infectious organisms that commonly infect cattle. No titers were detected for bluetongue virus, bovine leukemia virus, or Campylobacter fetus in these 101 bison. Detectable antibodies occurred against Anaplasma marginale (eight of 76, 11%), bovine respiratory syncytial virus (31 of 101, 31%), bovine viral diarrhea (31 of 101, 31%), bovine herpesvirus 1 (29 of 76, 38%), Leptospira interrogans icterohaemorrhagiae (four of 101, 4%), L. interrogans hardjo (seven of 101, 7%), L. interrogans autumnalis (one of 101, 1%), L. interrogans bratislava (seven of 101, 7%), L. interrogans australis (one of 101, 1%), and parainfluenza 3 virus (27 of 75, 36%). The low antibody titers and the lack of gross lesions are evidence that while previous exposure to infectious organisms may have occurred, none appeared to have active infections.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)308-311
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Wildlife Diseases
Volume33
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 1997
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Bison
  • Bison bison
  • Pathogen
  • Serologic survey
  • Serology
  • Wyoming
  • Yellowstone National Park

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Ecology

Cite this

Taylor, S. K., Lane, V. M., Hunter, D. L., Eyre, K. G., Kaufman, S., Frye, S., & Johnson, M. R. (1997). Serologic survey for infectious pathogens in free-ranging American bison. Journal of Wildlife Diseases, 33(2), 308-311.