Serologic studies of Actinobacillus (Haemophilus) pleuropneumoniae strains of serotype-3 and their antigenic relationships with other A pleuropneumoniae serotypes in swine.

K. R. Mittal, Robert Higgins, S. Larivière

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Serotype-3 strains of Actinobacillus (Haemophilus) pleuropneumoniae possess epitopes shared with almost all other Actinobacillus serotypes. Common epitopes detected in particulate antigens were heat-labile and heat-stable and were of minor nature. Additional cross-reactive epitopes were detected in soluble and particulate antigens prepared from strains of serotypes 3, 6, and 8. Cross-reactions occurring between serotype-3 antigens and those of other serotypes were of 2 types: one associated mainly with 2-mercaptoethanol (2-ME)-sensitive IgM antibodies and the other associated mainly with 2-ME-resistant IgG antibodies. The cross-reactivity between serotypes 3, 6, and 8 was associated mainly with IgG antibodies, as shown by the results of 2-ME tube agglutination, 2-ME-indirect hemagglutination, and coagglutination tests. None of the tests was entirely satisfactory for serotyping serotype-3 isolates, mainly as a result of overlapping of type-specific antigenic determinants of serotypes 3, 6, and 8 in different combinations in the same strain. A combination of tests, using particulate and soluble antigens, may be necessary for typing of serotype-3 isolates.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)152-155
Number of pages4
JournalAmerican Journal of Veterinary Research
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 1 1988
Externally publishedYes


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

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