Serologic prevalence of caprine arthritis-encephalitis virus in California goat dairies.

N. E. East, J. D. Rowe, B. R. Madewell, K. Floyd

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

42 Scopus citations

Abstract

Fifty-three percent of goats in 13 California goat dairies had antibodies to caprine arthritis-encephalitis virus (CAEV), as determined by agar-gel immunodiffusion. Those goat dairies that reared kids on pasteurized milk had a lower seroprevalence than those that did not. Age, rearing kids on unpasteurized milk, and the presence of large joints were associated with antibodies to CAEV. Breed was associated with seroreactivity, but the association was confounded by other factors. Sex was not associated with antibodies to CAEV. The relationship between age and antibodies to CAEV was observed for goats reared on pasteurized or unpasteurized milk, which indicated that continued horizontal (contact) transmission may be important on these dairies and limited the effect of a pasteurized rearing program on control of CAEV infection.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)182-186
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
Volume190
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 15 1987

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

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