Serious sports injuries requiring hospitalization seen in a pediatric emergency department

J. M. Davis, Nathan Kuppermann, G. Fleisher

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective. - To define the spectrum of serious sports injuries requiring hospitalization seen in a pediatric emergency department. Design. - Trauma registry and retrospective chart reviews. Setting. - Emergency department, Children's Hospital, Boston, Mass. Study Participants. - One hundred forty- two patients with sports injuries presenting to the emergency department and requiring hospitalization over 2 years. Measurements/Results. - Serious sports injuries accounted for 13% of admissions for trauma, 0.6% of visits to the emergency department for trauma, and approximately 0.14% of total encounters. Injuries included fractures (77%), abdominal injuries (7%), multiple trauma (5%), cerebral contusions or hemorrhages (4%), and dislocations (3%). The most frequently injured areas were the extremities (69%), head and neck (16%), and abdomen (3%). Compared with nonsports injuries requiring hospitalization, sports injuries occurred in older patients (11.5 vs 7.3 years, P<.001) and more often in males (83% vs 64%, P<.001). Sports injuries also resulted in higher Injury Severity Scores (10 vs 8.8, P=.021) and in more fractures (77% vs 51%, P<.001) and neck injuries (4% vs 1%, P=.002). Conclusion. - Serious sports injuries evaluated in the emergency department affect predominantly male teenagers and result predominantly in fractures involving the extremities. The spectrum of injuries is dissimilar to that resulting from other mechanisms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1001-1004
Number of pages4
JournalAmerican Journal of Diseases of Children
Volume147
Issue number9
StatePublished - 1993
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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