We have cloned the cDNA of the phosphoprotein (P) gene of the virulent (Kabete "0") strain of rinderpest virus and provided a comparative analysis of its sequence with that of the P genes of measles, canine distemper, and phocid distemper viruses. The gene encodes two overlapping open reading frames of 1521 and 531 nucleotides. Use of the first ATG would produce a P polypeptide of 507 amino acids with a calculated molecular weight of 54,344. The second ATG would produce a C polypeptide of 177 residues with a predicted molecular weight of 19,927. In addition, the insertion of a G residue at position 740 generates an alternative mRNA potentially encoding the V pollypeptide of rinderpest virus. The homology comparisons in P amino acid sequences between rinderpest and measles, between rinderpest and canine distemper, and between rinderpest and phocid distemper viruses are 60, 44, and 46%, respectively. A four-way comparison shows an identity of 34%. Similar homology comparisons with the C amino acid sequence between rinderpest and measles, rinderpest and canine distemper, and rinderpest and phocid distemper viruses are 56, 42, and 40%, respectively. A homology of 31 % is found in a four-way comparison for the C polypeptide. From the point of the insertion of the G residue, there is a homology of 78% between the V polypeptides of rinderpest and measle viruses.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Infectious Diseases