Sensing the wavefront of x-ray free-electron lasers using aerosol spheres

N. Duane Loh, Dmitri Starodub, Lukas Lomb, Christina Y. Hampton, Andrew V. Martin, Raymond G. Sierra, Anton Barty, Andrew Aquila, Joachim Schulz, Jan Steinbrener, Robert L. Shoeman, Stephan Kassemeyer, Christoph Bostedt, John Bozek, Sascha W. Epp, Benjamin Erk, Robert Hartmann, Daniel Rolles, Artem Rudenko, Benedikt RudekLutz Foucar, Nils Kimmel, Georg Weidenspointner, Guenter Hauser, Peter Holl, Emanuele Pedersoli, Mengning Liang, Mark S. Hunter, Lars Gumprecht, Nicola Coppola, Cornelia Wunderer, Heinz Graafsma, Filipe R.N.C. Maia, Tomas Ekeberg, Max Hantke, Holger Fleckenstein, Helmut Hirsemann, Karol Nass, Thomas A. White, Herbert J. Tobias, George R. Farquar, W. Henry Benner, Stefan Hau-Riege, Christian Reich, Andreas Hartmann, Heike Soltau, Stefano Marchesini, Sasa Bajt, Miriam Barthelmess, Lothar Strueder, Joachim Ullrich, Philip Bucksbaum, Matthias Frank, Ilme Schlichting, Henry N. Chapman, Michael J. Bogan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Characterizing intense, focused x-ray free electron laser (FEL) pulses is crucial for their use in diffractive imaging. We describe how the distribution of average phase tilts and intensities on hard x-ray pulses with peak intensities of 1021 W/m2 can be retrieved from an ensemble of diffraction patterns produced by 70 nm-radius polystyrene spheres, in a manner that mimics wavefront sensors. Besides showing that an adaptive geometric correction may be necessary for diffraction data from randomly injected sample sources, our paper demonstrates the possibility of collecting statistics on structured pulses using only the diffraction patterns they generate and highlights the imperative to study its impact on single-particle diffractive imaging.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)12385-12394
Number of pages10
JournalOptics Express
Volume21
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - May 20 2013
Externally publishedYes

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x ray lasers
free electron lasers
aerosols
diffraction patterns
pulses
polystyrene
statistics
radii
sensors
diffraction
x rays

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

Cite this

Loh, N. D., Starodub, D., Lomb, L., Hampton, C. Y., Martin, A. V., Sierra, R. G., ... Bogan, M. J. (2013). Sensing the wavefront of x-ray free-electron lasers using aerosol spheres. Optics Express, 21(10), 12385-12394. https://doi.org/10.1364/OE.21.012385

Sensing the wavefront of x-ray free-electron lasers using aerosol spheres. / Loh, N. Duane; Starodub, Dmitri; Lomb, Lukas; Hampton, Christina Y.; Martin, Andrew V.; Sierra, Raymond G.; Barty, Anton; Aquila, Andrew; Schulz, Joachim; Steinbrener, Jan; Shoeman, Robert L.; Kassemeyer, Stephan; Bostedt, Christoph; Bozek, John; Epp, Sascha W.; Erk, Benjamin; Hartmann, Robert; Rolles, Daniel; Rudenko, Artem; Rudek, Benedikt; Foucar, Lutz; Kimmel, Nils; Weidenspointner, Georg; Hauser, Guenter; Holl, Peter; Pedersoli, Emanuele; Liang, Mengning; Hunter, Mark S.; Gumprecht, Lars; Coppola, Nicola; Wunderer, Cornelia; Graafsma, Heinz; Maia, Filipe R.N.C.; Ekeberg, Tomas; Hantke, Max; Fleckenstein, Holger; Hirsemann, Helmut; Nass, Karol; White, Thomas A.; Tobias, Herbert J.; Farquar, George R.; Benner, W. Henry; Hau-Riege, Stefan; Reich, Christian; Hartmann, Andreas; Soltau, Heike; Marchesini, Stefano; Bajt, Sasa; Barthelmess, Miriam; Strueder, Lothar; Ullrich, Joachim; Bucksbaum, Philip; Frank, Matthias; Schlichting, Ilme; Chapman, Henry N.; Bogan, Michael J.

In: Optics Express, Vol. 21, No. 10, 20.05.2013, p. 12385-12394.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Loh, ND, Starodub, D, Lomb, L, Hampton, CY, Martin, AV, Sierra, RG, Barty, A, Aquila, A, Schulz, J, Steinbrener, J, Shoeman, RL, Kassemeyer, S, Bostedt, C, Bozek, J, Epp, SW, Erk, B, Hartmann, R, Rolles, D, Rudenko, A, Rudek, B, Foucar, L, Kimmel, N, Weidenspointner, G, Hauser, G, Holl, P, Pedersoli, E, Liang, M, Hunter, MS, Gumprecht, L, Coppola, N, Wunderer, C, Graafsma, H, Maia, FRNC, Ekeberg, T, Hantke, M, Fleckenstein, H, Hirsemann, H, Nass, K, White, TA, Tobias, HJ, Farquar, GR, Benner, WH, Hau-Riege, S, Reich, C, Hartmann, A, Soltau, H, Marchesini, S, Bajt, S, Barthelmess, M, Strueder, L, Ullrich, J, Bucksbaum, P, Frank, M, Schlichting, I, Chapman, HN & Bogan, MJ 2013, 'Sensing the wavefront of x-ray free-electron lasers using aerosol spheres', Optics Express, vol. 21, no. 10, pp. 12385-12394. https://doi.org/10.1364/OE.21.012385
Loh ND, Starodub D, Lomb L, Hampton CY, Martin AV, Sierra RG et al. Sensing the wavefront of x-ray free-electron lasers using aerosol spheres. Optics Express. 2013 May 20;21(10):12385-12394. https://doi.org/10.1364/OE.21.012385
Loh, N. Duane ; Starodub, Dmitri ; Lomb, Lukas ; Hampton, Christina Y. ; Martin, Andrew V. ; Sierra, Raymond G. ; Barty, Anton ; Aquila, Andrew ; Schulz, Joachim ; Steinbrener, Jan ; Shoeman, Robert L. ; Kassemeyer, Stephan ; Bostedt, Christoph ; Bozek, John ; Epp, Sascha W. ; Erk, Benjamin ; Hartmann, Robert ; Rolles, Daniel ; Rudenko, Artem ; Rudek, Benedikt ; Foucar, Lutz ; Kimmel, Nils ; Weidenspointner, Georg ; Hauser, Guenter ; Holl, Peter ; Pedersoli, Emanuele ; Liang, Mengning ; Hunter, Mark S. ; Gumprecht, Lars ; Coppola, Nicola ; Wunderer, Cornelia ; Graafsma, Heinz ; Maia, Filipe R.N.C. ; Ekeberg, Tomas ; Hantke, Max ; Fleckenstein, Holger ; Hirsemann, Helmut ; Nass, Karol ; White, Thomas A. ; Tobias, Herbert J. ; Farquar, George R. ; Benner, W. Henry ; Hau-Riege, Stefan ; Reich, Christian ; Hartmann, Andreas ; Soltau, Heike ; Marchesini, Stefano ; Bajt, Sasa ; Barthelmess, Miriam ; Strueder, Lothar ; Ullrich, Joachim ; Bucksbaum, Philip ; Frank, Matthias ; Schlichting, Ilme ; Chapman, Henry N. ; Bogan, Michael J. / Sensing the wavefront of x-ray free-electron lasers using aerosol spheres. In: Optics Express. 2013 ; Vol. 21, No. 10. pp. 12385-12394.
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AU - Martin, Andrew V.

AU - Sierra, Raymond G.

AU - Barty, Anton

AU - Aquila, Andrew

AU - Schulz, Joachim

AU - Steinbrener, Jan

AU - Shoeman, Robert L.

AU - Kassemeyer, Stephan

AU - Bostedt, Christoph

AU - Bozek, John

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AU - Rolles, Daniel

AU - Rudenko, Artem

AU - Rudek, Benedikt

AU - Foucar, Lutz

AU - Kimmel, Nils

AU - Weidenspointner, Georg

AU - Hauser, Guenter

AU - Holl, Peter

AU - Pedersoli, Emanuele

AU - Liang, Mengning

AU - Hunter, Mark S.

AU - Gumprecht, Lars

AU - Coppola, Nicola

AU - Wunderer, Cornelia

AU - Graafsma, Heinz

AU - Maia, Filipe R.N.C.

AU - Ekeberg, Tomas

AU - Hantke, Max

AU - Fleckenstein, Holger

AU - Hirsemann, Helmut

AU - Nass, Karol

AU - White, Thomas A.

AU - Tobias, Herbert J.

AU - Farquar, George R.

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AU - Reich, Christian

AU - Hartmann, Andreas

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AU - Ullrich, Joachim

AU - Bucksbaum, Philip

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