Scotopic contrast sensitivity functions (CSFs) were measured for 50 observers between the ages of 20 and 88 years. Using a maximum-likelihood, 2-alternative, temporal forced-choice threshold-estimation algorithm, scotopic CSFs were measured at 7 spatial frequencies ranging from 0.2 to 3.0 cpd, with mean retinal illuminance equated for observers at -0.85 log scotopic Trolands. For each stimulus condition, eight cycles of a horizontal sinusoidal grating were presented within ±1 S.D. of a 2-D Gaussian-spatial envelope and within a 1-s Gaussian-temporal envelope. Stimuli were centered on the nasal retina along the horizontal meridian 6°from the fovea. Scotopic CSFs were found to be low-pass. Statistically significant age-related declines in contrast sensitivities were found for spatial frequencies at or below 1.2 cpd. There was also a statistically significant decrease in the high frequency cut-off with age (P<0.01). An explanation of these results in terms of optical factors is rejected, while the results are consistent with age-related changes in the magnocellular pathway. Copyright (C) 1999 Elsevier Science Ltd.
- Contrast sensitivity function
- Scotopic contrast sensitivity
- Scotopic vision
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Sensory Systems