Semantic priming in schizophrenia: A review and synthesis

Michael J. Minzenberg, Beth A. Ober, Sophia Vinogradov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

110 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this paper, we present a review of semantic priming experiments in schizophrenia. Semantic priming paradigms show utility in assessing the role of deficits in semantic memory network access in the pathology of schizophrenia. The studies are placed in the context of current models of information processing. In this review we include all English-language reports (from peer-reviewed journals) of single-word semantic priming studies involving participants with schizophrenia. The studies to date show schizophrenic patients to exhibit variable semantic priming effects under automatic processing conditions, and consistent impairments under controlled/attentional conditions. We also describe associations with other neurocognitive dysfunction, neurochemical and electrophysiological disturbances, and clinical manifestations (such as thought disorder).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)699-720
Number of pages22
JournalJournal of the International Neuropsychological Society
Volume8
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2002
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Information processing
  • Language
  • Schizophrenia
  • Semantic memory
  • Semantic priming

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neurology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Psychology(all)

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