Self-Inactivating lentiviral vectors resist proviral methylation but do not confer position-independent expression in hematopoietic stem cells

Azim Mohamedali, Francois Moreau-Gaudry, Emmanuel Richard, Ping Xia, Jan Nolta, Punam Malik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Scopus citations

Abstract

Oncoretroviral expression is transcriptionally silenced in embryonic and hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs). This is associated with methylation of viral and internal promoters. We determined whether self-inactivating (SIN) lentiviral vectors (LV) would circumvent proviral silencing in HSCs. We studied long-term expression, methylation, and position effects (PE) from two GFP-encoding SIN-LV containing erythroid enhancers and the human ankyrin-1 promoter (h-Ank-P) using the murine secondary bone marrow (BM) transplant assay. Proviral expression was detected in RBC 6-11 months following transplant only in 28 of 49 secondary mice, with 0.9 ± 0.2 copy/cell and oligoclonally integrated provirus in BM, spleen, and thymus. Twenty-one of 49 secondary mice lacked integrated provirus. Secondary mice containing provirus also had GFP-expressing RBCs, although proviral copy number did not always correlate with expression, suggesting either proviral methylation or chromatin PE. The endogenous h-Ank-P was partially methylated in nonerythroid cell lines and unmethylated in erythroid cell lines. However, h-Ank-P in the provirus was unmethylated in erythroid and nonerythroid cells within secondary murine BM. Despite lack of methylation, GFP expression was variable in secondary BFU-e and in single-copy mouse erythroleukemia cell clones. Taken together, these data show that erythroid-specific SIN-LV express long term and resist methylation-associated proviral silencing, but may require additional elements to confer position-independent expression.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)249-259
Number of pages11
JournalMolecular Therapy
Volume10
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2004
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology

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