Self-control in boys with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: Effects of added stimulation and time

Julie B Schweitzer, Beth Sulzer-Azaroff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

121 Scopus citations

Abstract

Preference for larger-delayed versus more immediate-smaller rewards was studied in 5- and 6-year-old typical boys with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in a repeated measure design. The effect of adding stimulation on preference also was studied. Boys with ADHD chose delayed-larger rewards significantly less than did typical boys. Adding stimulation reduced motoric behavior, but did not affect choice. As rates of motoric activity increased in boys with ADHD, their preference for delayed, larger rewards decreased over time. These findings argue for the external validity of choice tasks in the study of ADHD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)671-686
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry
Volume36
Issue number4
StatePublished - May 1995
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • ADHD
  • children
  • choice
  • Hyperactivity
  • impulsivity
  • self-control

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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