Self-compassion and social anxiety disorder

Kelly H. Werner, Hooria Jazaieri, Philip R Goldin, Michal Ziv, Richard G. Heimberg, James J. Gross

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

77 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Self-compassion refers to having an accepting and caring orientation towards oneself. Although self-compassion has been studied primarily in healthy populations, one particularly compelling clinical context in which to examine self-compassion is social anxiety disorder (SAD). SAD is characterized by high levels of negative self-criticism as well as an abiding concern about others' evaluation of one's performance. In the present study, we tested the hypotheses that: (1) people with SAD would demonstrate less self-compassion than healthy controls (HCs), (2) self-compassion would relate to severity of social anxiety and fear of evaluation among people with SAD, and (3) age would be negatively correlated with self-compassion for people with SAD, but not for HC. As expected, people with SAD reported less self-compassion than HCs on the Self-Compassion Scale and its subscales. Within the SAD group, lesser self-compassion was not generally associated with severity of social anxiety, but it was associated with greater fear of both negative and positive evaluation. Age was negatively correlated with self-compassion for people with SAD, whereas age was positively correlated with self-compassion for HC. These findings suggest that self-compassion may be a particularly important target for assessment and treatment in persons with SAD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)543-558
Number of pages16
JournalAnxiety, Stress and Coping
Volume25
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2012
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Social Phobia
Anxiety Disorders
Compassion
Fear
Anxiety
Evaluation
Population
Self-Control
Person
Criticism
Self-Assessment

Keywords

  • compassion
  • self
  • self-compassion
  • social anxiety
  • social phobia
  • treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

Cite this

Werner, K. H., Jazaieri, H., Goldin, P. R., Ziv, M., Heimberg, R. G., & Gross, J. J. (2012). Self-compassion and social anxiety disorder. Anxiety, Stress and Coping, 25(5), 543-558. https://doi.org/10.1080/10615806.2011.608842

Self-compassion and social anxiety disorder. / Werner, Kelly H.; Jazaieri, Hooria; Goldin, Philip R; Ziv, Michal; Heimberg, Richard G.; Gross, James J.

In: Anxiety, Stress and Coping, Vol. 25, No. 5, 09.2012, p. 543-558.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Werner, KH, Jazaieri, H, Goldin, PR, Ziv, M, Heimberg, RG & Gross, JJ 2012, 'Self-compassion and social anxiety disorder', Anxiety, Stress and Coping, vol. 25, no. 5, pp. 543-558. https://doi.org/10.1080/10615806.2011.608842
Werner, Kelly H. ; Jazaieri, Hooria ; Goldin, Philip R ; Ziv, Michal ; Heimberg, Richard G. ; Gross, James J. / Self-compassion and social anxiety disorder. In: Anxiety, Stress and Coping. 2012 ; Vol. 25, No. 5. pp. 543-558.
@article{1d331fce4ff541f380bf4cf4ddb98224,
title = "Self-compassion and social anxiety disorder",
abstract = "Self-compassion refers to having an accepting and caring orientation towards oneself. Although self-compassion has been studied primarily in healthy populations, one particularly compelling clinical context in which to examine self-compassion is social anxiety disorder (SAD). SAD is characterized by high levels of negative self-criticism as well as an abiding concern about others' evaluation of one's performance. In the present study, we tested the hypotheses that: (1) people with SAD would demonstrate less self-compassion than healthy controls (HCs), (2) self-compassion would relate to severity of social anxiety and fear of evaluation among people with SAD, and (3) age would be negatively correlated with self-compassion for people with SAD, but not for HC. As expected, people with SAD reported less self-compassion than HCs on the Self-Compassion Scale and its subscales. Within the SAD group, lesser self-compassion was not generally associated with severity of social anxiety, but it was associated with greater fear of both negative and positive evaluation. Age was negatively correlated with self-compassion for people with SAD, whereas age was positively correlated with self-compassion for HC. These findings suggest that self-compassion may be a particularly important target for assessment and treatment in persons with SAD.",
keywords = "compassion, self, self-compassion, social anxiety, social phobia, treatment",
author = "Werner, {Kelly H.} and Hooria Jazaieri and Goldin, {Philip R} and Michal Ziv and Heimberg, {Richard G.} and Gross, {James J.}",
year = "2012",
month = "9",
doi = "10.1080/10615806.2011.608842",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "25",
pages = "543--558",
journal = "Anxiety, Stress and Coping",
issn = "1061-5806",
publisher = "Brunner - Routledge (US)",
number = "5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Self-compassion and social anxiety disorder

AU - Werner, Kelly H.

AU - Jazaieri, Hooria

AU - Goldin, Philip R

AU - Ziv, Michal

AU - Heimberg, Richard G.

AU - Gross, James J.

PY - 2012/9

Y1 - 2012/9

N2 - Self-compassion refers to having an accepting and caring orientation towards oneself. Although self-compassion has been studied primarily in healthy populations, one particularly compelling clinical context in which to examine self-compassion is social anxiety disorder (SAD). SAD is characterized by high levels of negative self-criticism as well as an abiding concern about others' evaluation of one's performance. In the present study, we tested the hypotheses that: (1) people with SAD would demonstrate less self-compassion than healthy controls (HCs), (2) self-compassion would relate to severity of social anxiety and fear of evaluation among people with SAD, and (3) age would be negatively correlated with self-compassion for people with SAD, but not for HC. As expected, people with SAD reported less self-compassion than HCs on the Self-Compassion Scale and its subscales. Within the SAD group, lesser self-compassion was not generally associated with severity of social anxiety, but it was associated with greater fear of both negative and positive evaluation. Age was negatively correlated with self-compassion for people with SAD, whereas age was positively correlated with self-compassion for HC. These findings suggest that self-compassion may be a particularly important target for assessment and treatment in persons with SAD.

AB - Self-compassion refers to having an accepting and caring orientation towards oneself. Although self-compassion has been studied primarily in healthy populations, one particularly compelling clinical context in which to examine self-compassion is social anxiety disorder (SAD). SAD is characterized by high levels of negative self-criticism as well as an abiding concern about others' evaluation of one's performance. In the present study, we tested the hypotheses that: (1) people with SAD would demonstrate less self-compassion than healthy controls (HCs), (2) self-compassion would relate to severity of social anxiety and fear of evaluation among people with SAD, and (3) age would be negatively correlated with self-compassion for people with SAD, but not for HC. As expected, people with SAD reported less self-compassion than HCs on the Self-Compassion Scale and its subscales. Within the SAD group, lesser self-compassion was not generally associated with severity of social anxiety, but it was associated with greater fear of both negative and positive evaluation. Age was negatively correlated with self-compassion for people with SAD, whereas age was positively correlated with self-compassion for HC. These findings suggest that self-compassion may be a particularly important target for assessment and treatment in persons with SAD.

KW - compassion

KW - self

KW - self-compassion

KW - social anxiety

KW - social phobia

KW - treatment

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84865061723&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84865061723&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/10615806.2011.608842

DO - 10.1080/10615806.2011.608842

M3 - Article

C2 - 21895450

AN - SCOPUS:84865061723

VL - 25

SP - 543

EP - 558

JO - Anxiety, Stress and Coping

JF - Anxiety, Stress and Coping

SN - 1061-5806

IS - 5

ER -