RNA editing and subunit assembly of ionotropic glutamate receptors (GIuRs) were examined in an oligodendrocyte progenitor cell line, CG4, which expresses GluR2-GluR4, GluR6, GluR7, KA1, and KA2. AMPA-evoked currents rapidly desensitize, whereas kainate-evoked currents contain a steady-state component with a nearly linear current-voltage relation and a fast desensitizing component that is inwardly rectifying. The Q/R site is edited >95% to the arginine codon in GluR2(Q607) mRNA, and <5% in GluR6(Q621) mRNA. Immunoprecipitation experiments demonstrate that GluR6 and/or GluR7 subunits assemble with KA2, but not with GluR2-GluR4. These results indicate that oligodendrocyte progenitor cells selectively edit and assemble glutamate receptors into at least two functionally and structurally distinct heteromeric channels.
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