Seeing is believing: Non-invasive, quantitative and repetitive imaging of reporter gene expression in living animals, using positron emission tomography

Harvey R. Herschman, Duncan C. MacLaren, Meera Iyer, Mohammad Namavari, Krzysztof Bobinski, Leeta A. Green, Lily Wu, Arnold J. Berk, Tatsushi Toyokuni, Jorge R. Barrio, Simon R Cherry, Michael E. Phelps, Eric P. Sandgren, Sanjiv S. Gambhir

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

96 Scopus citations

Abstract

The ability to monitor reporter gene expression in living animals and in patients will permit longitudinal examinations both of somatically transferred DNA in experimental animals and patients and of transgenic constructs expressed in experimental animals. If investigators can non-invasively monitor the organ and tissue specificity, the magnitude and the duration of gene expression from somatically transferred DNA and from transgenes, conceptually new experimental paradigms will be possible. If clinicians can non-invasively monitor the location, extent and duration of somatically transferred genes, they will be better able to determine the correlations between expression of therapeutic genes and clinical outcomes. We have developed two reporter gene systems for in vivo reporter gene imaging in which the protein products of the reporter genes sequester positron-emitting reporter probes. The 'PET reporter gene' dependent sequestration of the 'PET reporter probes' is subsequently measured in living animals by Positron Emission Tomography (PET). We describe here the principles of PET reporter gene/PET reporter probe in vivo imaging, the development of two imaging systems, and the validation of their ability to non-invasively, quantitatively and repetitively image reporter gene expression in murine viral gene transfer and transgenic models. (C) 2000 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)699-705
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Neuroscience Research
Volume59
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 15 2000

Keywords

  • Gene monitoring
  • MicroPET
  • PET
  • Reporter genes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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    Herschman, H. R., MacLaren, D. C., Iyer, M., Namavari, M., Bobinski, K., Green, L. A., Wu, L., Berk, A. J., Toyokuni, T., Barrio, J. R., Cherry, S. R., Phelps, M. E., Sandgren, E. P., & Gambhir, S. S. (2000). Seeing is believing: Non-invasive, quantitative and repetitive imaging of reporter gene expression in living animals, using positron emission tomography. Journal of Neuroscience Research, 59(6), 699-705. https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1097-4547(20000315)59:6<699::AID-JNR1>3.0.CO;2-1