Sedation and physiologic response to manual restraint after intranasal administration of midazolam in hispaniolan amazon parrots (Amazona ventralis)

Christoph Mans, David Guzman, Lesanna L. Lahner, Joanne R Paul-Murphy, Kurt K. Sladky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Administration of intranasal midazolam (2 mg/kg) was evaluated for sedation and effects on cloacal temperature, respiratory rate, and heart rate in manually restrained Hispaniolan Amazon parrots (Amazona ventralis). Adult parrots (n 9) were administered either midazolam (2 mg/kg) or an equal volume of saline solution intranasally before a 15-minute manual restraint in a complete crossover study. Respiratory rate and sedation scores were recorded before and during capture and during and after 15 minutes of manual restraint. Heart rate and cloacal temperature were recorded during manual restraint. After restraint, the parrots received intranasal flumazenil (0.05 mg/kg) or an equal volume of saline solution, and the recovery time was recorded. In those birds that received midazolam, sedation was observed within 3 minutes of administration, and vocalization, flight, and defense responses were significantly reduced during capture. During manual restraint, the mean rate of cloacal temperature increase was significantly slower and remained significantly lower in birds that received midazolam compared with controls. Mean respiratory rates were significantly lower for up to 12 minutes in parrots that received midazolam compared with those receiving saline solution. Flumazenil antagonized the effects of midazolam within 10 minutes. No overt clinical adverse effects to intranasal midazolam and flumazenil administration were observed. Further studies on the safety of intranasal midazolam and flumazenil in this species are warranted.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)130-139
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Avian Medicine and Surgery
Volume26
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2012

Fingerprint

Amazona
intranasal administration
Intranasal Administration
Midazolam
parrots
sedation
respiratory rate
sodium chloride
Flumazenil
Parrots
heart rate
Respiratory Rate
Sodium Chloride
temperature
birds
vocalization
Temperature
Birds
flight
Heart Rate

Keywords

  • Amazona ventralis
  • anxiolysis
  • avian
  • flumazenil
  • Hispaniolan Amazon parrot
  • intranasal
  • manual restraint
  • midazolam
  • sedation
  • stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Small Animals

Cite this

Sedation and physiologic response to manual restraint after intranasal administration of midazolam in hispaniolan amazon parrots (Amazona ventralis). / Mans, Christoph; Guzman, David; Lahner, Lesanna L.; Paul-Murphy, Joanne R; Sladky, Kurt K.

In: Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery, Vol. 26, No. 3, 09.2012, p. 130-139.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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