Secretion and biosynthesis of N-acetyl-β-D-hexosaminidases by human placental tissues in vitro

Gordon C Douglas, Jacob D. Judah, Roland B. Ellis, Barry F. King, Alan Mackenzie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Chorionic villi selectively secrete the B isoenzyme and, to a lesser extent, the A isoenzyme of lysosomal β-hexosaminidase when incubated in vitro, suggesting that this tissue could contribute to maternal serum β-hexosaminidase B and A activities in vivo. The results make it unlikely, however, that the placenta is the source of the I2 isoenzyme found in maternal serum. Samples of amnion and term chorion laeve secreted predominantly the B isoenzyme whereas first-trimester chorion laeve secreted the A, B and I2 isoenzymes. Amnion and chorion laeve may, therefore, be a source of the A, B and I2 activities found in amniotic fluid. Chorionic villi supported the cycloheximide-sensitive incorporation of [3H]leucine into immunoreactive β-hexosaminidase thereby providing direct evidence for enzyme biosynthesis. Newly synthesized β-hexosaminidase was detectable in the medium only after extended incubation and the secretion of β-hexosaminidase activity continued at normal rates for several hours in the absence of protein synthesis. These results indicate that enzyme synthesis is not a primary factor in the regulation of enzyme secretion.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)239-248
Number of pages10
JournalPlacenta
Volume6
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1985

Fingerprint

Hexosaminidases
Isoenzymes
Chorion
Chorionic Villi
Amnion
Hexosaminidase B
Enzymes
Hexosaminidase A
Mothers
First Pregnancy Trimester
Amniotic Fluid
Cycloheximide
Serum
Leucine
Placenta
In Vitro Techniques
Proteins

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

Cite this

Secretion and biosynthesis of N-acetyl-β-D-hexosaminidases by human placental tissues in vitro. / Douglas, Gordon C; Judah, Jacob D.; Ellis, Roland B.; King, Barry F.; Mackenzie, Alan.

In: Placenta, Vol. 6, No. 3, 1985, p. 239-248.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Douglas, Gordon C ; Judah, Jacob D. ; Ellis, Roland B. ; King, Barry F. ; Mackenzie, Alan. / Secretion and biosynthesis of N-acetyl-β-D-hexosaminidases by human placental tissues in vitro. In: Placenta. 1985 ; Vol. 6, No. 3. pp. 239-248.
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AU - Mackenzie, Alan

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AB - Chorionic villi selectively secrete the B isoenzyme and, to a lesser extent, the A isoenzyme of lysosomal β-hexosaminidase when incubated in vitro, suggesting that this tissue could contribute to maternal serum β-hexosaminidase B and A activities in vivo. The results make it unlikely, however, that the placenta is the source of the I2 isoenzyme found in maternal serum. Samples of amnion and term chorion laeve secreted predominantly the B isoenzyme whereas first-trimester chorion laeve secreted the A, B and I2 isoenzymes. Amnion and chorion laeve may, therefore, be a source of the A, B and I2 activities found in amniotic fluid. Chorionic villi supported the cycloheximide-sensitive incorporation of [3H]leucine into immunoreactive β-hexosaminidase thereby providing direct evidence for enzyme biosynthesis. Newly synthesized β-hexosaminidase was detectable in the medium only after extended incubation and the secretion of β-hexosaminidase activity continued at normal rates for several hours in the absence of protein synthesis. These results indicate that enzyme synthesis is not a primary factor in the regulation of enzyme secretion.

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