Secondary intracranial neoplasia in the dog: 177 cases (1986-2003)

M. Snyder, L. Lipitz, Katherine A Skorupski, F. S. Shofer, T. J. Van Winkle

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

84 Scopus citations


Background: This study investigates the frequency, location, and clinical findings associated with 177 secondary brain tumors in dogs. Hypothesis: Secondary intracranial neoplasia is more common than primary intracranial neoplasia in dogs during the time period studied, and hemangiosarcoma (HSA) is the most common secondary intracranial tumor. Animals: One hundred and seventy-seven client-owned dogs presented to the Matthew J. Ryan Veterinary Hospital between 1986 and 2003. Methods: Medical records were searched for a diagnosis of intracranial neoplasia in dogs who underwent complete postmortem examination. Of these dogs, those with a diagnosis of primary intracranial neoplasia were excluded. Results: Of the 177 secondary brain tumors, 51 (29%) were HSAs, 44 (25%) were pituitary tumors, 21 (12%) were lymphosarcomas, and 21 (12%) were metastatic carcinomas. The average age at diagnosis was 9.6 ± 3.0 years. Most tumors were located in the cerebrum, and a mentation change was the most common presenting clinical sign. On postmortem examination, the same tumor that was in the brain was also present in the lung in 84 cases (47%), in the kidney in 62 cases (35%), and in the heart in 55 cases (31%). Conclusions and Clinical Importance: Secondary intracranial neoplasia in dogs was more common than primary intracranial neoplasia during the time period studied. Many of these dogs had related disease in other body systems that was apparent on diagnostic tests such as thoracic radiography.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)172-177
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2008
Externally publishedYes


  • Brain tumor
  • Hemangiosarcoma
  • Lymphosarcoma
  • Pituitary tumor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)


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