Seasonal hematology and serum chemistry of wild beluga whales (delphinapterus leucas) in Bristol Bay, Alaska, USA

Stephanie A. Norman, Caroline E C Goertz, Kathy A. Burek, Lori T. Quakenbush, Leslie A. Cornick, Tracy A. Romano, Tracey Spoon, Woutrina A Smith, Laurel A Beckett, Roderick C. Hobbs

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We collected blood from 18 beluga whales (Delphinapterus leucas), live-captured in Bristol Bay, Alaska, USA, in May and September 2008, to establish baseline hematologic and serum chemistry values and to determine whether there were significant differences in hematologic values by sex, season, size/age, or time during the capture period. Whole blood was collected within an average of 19 min (range511-30 min) after the net was set for capture, and for eight animals, blood collection was repeated in a later season after between 80-100 min; all blood was processed within 12 hr. Mean hematocrit, chloride, creatinine, total protein, albumin, and alkaline phosphatase were significantly lower in May than they were in September, whereas mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration, monocytes, phosphorous, magnesium, blood urea nitrogen, alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, c-glutamyltranspeptidase, and creatinine kinase were significantly higher. Mean total protein, white blood cell count, neutrophils, and lymphocytes were significantly higher early in the capture period than they were later. No significant differences in blood analyte values were noted between males and females. Using overall body length as a proxy for age, larger (older) belugas had lower white blood cell, lymphocyte, and eosinophil counts as well as lower sodium, potassium, and calcium levels but higher creatinine levels than smaller belugas. These data provide values for hematology and serum chemistry for comparisons with other wild belugas.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)21-32
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Wildlife Diseases
Volume48
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2012

Fingerprint

Delphinapterus leucas
hematology
blood chemistry
whale
serum
blood
creatinine
lymphocytes
eosinophils
urea nitrogen
alanine transaminase
leukocyte count
aspartate transaminase
monocytes
body length
hematocrit
protein
alkaline phosphatase
albumins
neutrophils

Keywords

  • Beluga whale
  • Bristol bay
  • Delphinapterus leucas
  • Health assessment
  • Hematology
  • Serum chemistry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Ecology

Cite this

Norman, S. A., Goertz, C. E. C., Burek, K. A., Quakenbush, L. T., Cornick, L. A., Romano, T. A., ... Hobbs, R. C. (2012). Seasonal hematology and serum chemistry of wild beluga whales (delphinapterus leucas) in Bristol Bay, Alaska, USA. Journal of Wildlife Diseases, 48(1), 21-32.

Seasonal hematology and serum chemistry of wild beluga whales (delphinapterus leucas) in Bristol Bay, Alaska, USA. / Norman, Stephanie A.; Goertz, Caroline E C; Burek, Kathy A.; Quakenbush, Lori T.; Cornick, Leslie A.; Romano, Tracy A.; Spoon, Tracey; Smith, Woutrina A; Beckett, Laurel A; Hobbs, Roderick C.

In: Journal of Wildlife Diseases, Vol. 48, No. 1, 01.01.2012, p. 21-32.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Norman, SA, Goertz, CEC, Burek, KA, Quakenbush, LT, Cornick, LA, Romano, TA, Spoon, T, Smith, WA, Beckett, LA & Hobbs, RC 2012, 'Seasonal hematology and serum chemistry of wild beluga whales (delphinapterus leucas) in Bristol Bay, Alaska, USA', Journal of Wildlife Diseases, vol. 48, no. 1, pp. 21-32.
Norman SA, Goertz CEC, Burek KA, Quakenbush LT, Cornick LA, Romano TA et al. Seasonal hematology and serum chemistry of wild beluga whales (delphinapterus leucas) in Bristol Bay, Alaska, USA. Journal of Wildlife Diseases. 2012 Jan 1;48(1):21-32.
Norman, Stephanie A. ; Goertz, Caroline E C ; Burek, Kathy A. ; Quakenbush, Lori T. ; Cornick, Leslie A. ; Romano, Tracy A. ; Spoon, Tracey ; Smith, Woutrina A ; Beckett, Laurel A ; Hobbs, Roderick C. / Seasonal hematology and serum chemistry of wild beluga whales (delphinapterus leucas) in Bristol Bay, Alaska, USA. In: Journal of Wildlife Diseases. 2012 ; Vol. 48, No. 1. pp. 21-32.
@article{cc15ae27afd34134b84b4dc207f3430c,
title = "Seasonal hematology and serum chemistry of wild beluga whales (delphinapterus leucas) in Bristol Bay, Alaska, USA",
abstract = "We collected blood from 18 beluga whales (Delphinapterus leucas), live-captured in Bristol Bay, Alaska, USA, in May and September 2008, to establish baseline hematologic and serum chemistry values and to determine whether there were significant differences in hematologic values by sex, season, size/age, or time during the capture period. Whole blood was collected within an average of 19 min (range511-30 min) after the net was set for capture, and for eight animals, blood collection was repeated in a later season after between 80-100 min; all blood was processed within 12 hr. Mean hematocrit, chloride, creatinine, total protein, albumin, and alkaline phosphatase were significantly lower in May than they were in September, whereas mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration, monocytes, phosphorous, magnesium, blood urea nitrogen, alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, c-glutamyltranspeptidase, and creatinine kinase were significantly higher. Mean total protein, white blood cell count, neutrophils, and lymphocytes were significantly higher early in the capture period than they were later. No significant differences in blood analyte values were noted between males and females. Using overall body length as a proxy for age, larger (older) belugas had lower white blood cell, lymphocyte, and eosinophil counts as well as lower sodium, potassium, and calcium levels but higher creatinine levels than smaller belugas. These data provide values for hematology and serum chemistry for comparisons with other wild belugas.",
keywords = "Beluga whale, Bristol bay, Delphinapterus leucas, Health assessment, Hematology, Serum chemistry",
author = "Norman, {Stephanie A.} and Goertz, {Caroline E C} and Burek, {Kathy A.} and Quakenbush, {Lori T.} and Cornick, {Leslie A.} and Romano, {Tracy A.} and Tracey Spoon and Smith, {Woutrina A} and Beckett, {Laurel A} and Hobbs, {Roderick C.}",
year = "2012",
month = "1",
day = "1",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "48",
pages = "21--32",
journal = "Journal of Wildlife Diseases",
issn = "0090-3558",
publisher = "Wildlife Disease Association, Inc.",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Seasonal hematology and serum chemistry of wild beluga whales (delphinapterus leucas) in Bristol Bay, Alaska, USA

AU - Norman, Stephanie A.

AU - Goertz, Caroline E C

AU - Burek, Kathy A.

AU - Quakenbush, Lori T.

AU - Cornick, Leslie A.

AU - Romano, Tracy A.

AU - Spoon, Tracey

AU - Smith, Woutrina A

AU - Beckett, Laurel A

AU - Hobbs, Roderick C.

PY - 2012/1/1

Y1 - 2012/1/1

N2 - We collected blood from 18 beluga whales (Delphinapterus leucas), live-captured in Bristol Bay, Alaska, USA, in May and September 2008, to establish baseline hematologic and serum chemistry values and to determine whether there were significant differences in hematologic values by sex, season, size/age, or time during the capture period. Whole blood was collected within an average of 19 min (range511-30 min) after the net was set for capture, and for eight animals, blood collection was repeated in a later season after between 80-100 min; all blood was processed within 12 hr. Mean hematocrit, chloride, creatinine, total protein, albumin, and alkaline phosphatase were significantly lower in May than they were in September, whereas mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration, monocytes, phosphorous, magnesium, blood urea nitrogen, alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, c-glutamyltranspeptidase, and creatinine kinase were significantly higher. Mean total protein, white blood cell count, neutrophils, and lymphocytes were significantly higher early in the capture period than they were later. No significant differences in blood analyte values were noted between males and females. Using overall body length as a proxy for age, larger (older) belugas had lower white blood cell, lymphocyte, and eosinophil counts as well as lower sodium, potassium, and calcium levels but higher creatinine levels than smaller belugas. These data provide values for hematology and serum chemistry for comparisons with other wild belugas.

AB - We collected blood from 18 beluga whales (Delphinapterus leucas), live-captured in Bristol Bay, Alaska, USA, in May and September 2008, to establish baseline hematologic and serum chemistry values and to determine whether there were significant differences in hematologic values by sex, season, size/age, or time during the capture period. Whole blood was collected within an average of 19 min (range511-30 min) after the net was set for capture, and for eight animals, blood collection was repeated in a later season after between 80-100 min; all blood was processed within 12 hr. Mean hematocrit, chloride, creatinine, total protein, albumin, and alkaline phosphatase were significantly lower in May than they were in September, whereas mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration, monocytes, phosphorous, magnesium, blood urea nitrogen, alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, c-glutamyltranspeptidase, and creatinine kinase were significantly higher. Mean total protein, white blood cell count, neutrophils, and lymphocytes were significantly higher early in the capture period than they were later. No significant differences in blood analyte values were noted between males and females. Using overall body length as a proxy for age, larger (older) belugas had lower white blood cell, lymphocyte, and eosinophil counts as well as lower sodium, potassium, and calcium levels but higher creatinine levels than smaller belugas. These data provide values for hematology and serum chemistry for comparisons with other wild belugas.

KW - Beluga whale

KW - Bristol bay

KW - Delphinapterus leucas

KW - Health assessment

KW - Hematology

KW - Serum chemistry

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84856028540&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84856028540&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 48

SP - 21

EP - 32

JO - Journal of Wildlife Diseases

JF - Journal of Wildlife Diseases

SN - 0090-3558

IS - 1

ER -