Food allergy consists of a wide range of disorders that result from adverse immune responses to dietary antigens. Manifestations of allergic response includes acute, potentially fatal anaphylactic reactions and a variety of chronic diseases that mainly affect the gastrointestinal tract, skin, and respiratory tract. Tools for clinical diagnosis and management, which have not changed much in the past two decades, include the clinical history, tests for specific IgE antibody to suspected foods, elimination diets, oral food challenges, and provision of medications such as epinephrine for emergency treatment. On the other hand, recent immunological and molecular biological research have enhanced our understanding of the mechanisms of these disorders and revealed the identities of many food allergens. Here, we will discuss seafood allergies with respect to the clinical manifestations, diagnosis, immunological mechanisms, and molecular biology of seafood allergens. Furthermore, potential applications and future directions in the clinical management of seafood allergies are discussed.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology