Screening Breast MRI and the Science of Premenopausal Background Parenchymal Enhancement

Stephen Vong, Anthony J. Ronco, Elham Najafpour, Shadi Aminololama-Shakeri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


The significance of background parenchymal enhancement (BPE) on screening and diagnostic breast MRI continues to be elucidated. Background parenchymal enhancement was initially deemed probably benign and followed or thought of as an artifact degrading the accuracy of breast cancer detection on breast MRI examinations. Subsequent research has focused on understanding the role of BPE regarding screening breast MRI. Today, there is growing evidence that a myriad of factors affect BPE, which in turn may influence patient outcomes. Additionally, BPE could represent an important risk factor for the future development of breast cancer. This article aims to describe the most up-to-date research on BPE as it relates to screening breast MRI in premenopausal women.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)407-415
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Breast Imaging
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jul 1 2021


  • background parenchymal enhancement
  • breast cancer
  • breast MRI
  • premenopausal
  • screening

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


Dive into the research topics of 'Screening Breast MRI and the Science of Premenopausal Background Parenchymal Enhancement'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this