Screen time in 36-month-olds at increased likelihood for ASD and ADHD

Monique Moore Hill, Devon Gangi, Meghan Miller, Sabrina Mohamed Rafi, Sally J Ozonoff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


We examined the relationship between video-based media viewing (screen time), behavioral outcomes, and language development in 120 36-month-old children with a family history of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) or Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) or no family history of either condition. Participants were classified into one of three diagnostic groups: ASD (n = 20), ADHD Concerns (children with elevated ADHD symptoms; n = 14), or Comparison (n = 86). Children in the ADHD Concerns group spent more time viewing screen media than Comparison children. Increased screen time was associated with lower receptive and expressive language scores across groups. Future longitudinal studies are needed to determine the direction of effects and causality.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number101484
JournalInfant Behavior and Development
StatePublished - Nov 2020


  • ADHD
  • ASD
  • Language development
  • Preschool children
  • Screen time

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology


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