Scanning Probe-Based Lithography for Production of Biological and Organic Nanostructures on Surfaces

G. Yang, J. C. Garno, Gang-yu Liu

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Scopus citations


This chapter reviews scanning probe lithography in the production of surface- supported organic and biological materials from the perspective of updated products, technical specifications, and potentials. Three methods are described - nanoshaving, nanografting, and nanopen reader and writer - which depend on atomic force microscopy-based nanolithography. The principal steps and resolutions are discussed in conjunction with specific examples of organic and biological nanostructures produced. The advantages and limitations are also summarized. Two techniques based on scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) - electrical field and tunneling electron-induced nanolithography - are also described. The unprecedented resolution of STM-based methods are revealed using the organic nanostructures produced. Finally, future perspectives using scanning probe microscopy-based nanolithography are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationComprehensive Nanoscience and Technology
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Number of pages34
ISBN (Electronic)9780123743909
ISBN (Print)9780123743961
StatePublished - Jan 1 2010


  • Atomic force microscopy (AFM)
  • Imaging
  • Nanografting
  • Nanolithography
  • Nanoshaving
  • Scanning probe lithography
  • Scanning tunneling microscopy (STM)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)
  • Materials Science(all)


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