Scalar Measurements in a Co-Flowing Turbulent Diffusion Flame

I. M. Kennedy, J. H. Kent

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Measurements of a conserved scalar have been made in a horizontal, hydrogen turbulent diffusion flame burning in a co-flowing stream of air. Laser light scattered by refractory seeding particles was a measure of the fuel element mass fraction (the mixture fraction). Present values of the mean mixture fraction agree well with those obtained by probe-sampling. Results have been presented both as conventional statistics and as Favre or density-weighted statistics. Probability density functions of the mixture fraction are near Gaussian on the centre-line and are strongly skewed on the edge of the shear flow. Conversion to temperature probability density functions yielded results which were in qualitative agreement with those obtained by other techniques. These probability density functions revealed a widely-spread instantaneous reaction zone throughout the flame with combustion being indicated on the centre-line close to the nozzle. Spectra of the scalar fluctuations were also obtained.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)109-119
Number of pages11
JournalCombustion Science and Technology
Volume25
Issue number3-4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1981
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

turbulent diffusion
turbulent flames
diffusion flames
Probability density function
probability density functions
scalars
Statistics
statistics
Shear flow
nuclear fuel elements
Refractory materials
Hydrogen
Nozzles
refractories
inoculation
shear flow
Sampling
nozzles
flames
Lasers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Fuel Technology
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Scalar Measurements in a Co-Flowing Turbulent Diffusion Flame. / Kennedy, I. M.; Kent, J. H.

In: Combustion Science and Technology, Vol. 25, No. 3-4, 01.01.1981, p. 109-119.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kennedy, I. M. ; Kent, J. H. / Scalar Measurements in a Co-Flowing Turbulent Diffusion Flame. In: Combustion Science and Technology. 1981 ; Vol. 25, No. 3-4. pp. 109-119.
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