Sarcomatoid Renal Cell Carcinoma and Collecting Duct Carcinoma: Discrimination From Common Renal Cell Carcinoma Subtypes and Benign RCC Mimics on Multiphasic MDCT

Jonathan R Young, Jocelyn A. Young, Daniel J.A. Margolis, Steven Sauk, James Sayre, Allan J. Pantuck, Steven S. Raman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Rationale and Objectives To investigate whether imaging features on multiphasic multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) can help discriminate sarcomatoid renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and collecting duct carcinoma (CDC) from other solid renal masses. Materials and Methods With institutional review board approval for this HIPAA-compliant study, we derived a cohort of 7 sarcomatoid RCCs, 4 CDCs, 165 clear cell RCCs, 56 papillary RCCs, 22 chromophobe RCCs, 49 oncocytomas, and 16 lipid-poor angiomyolipomas with preoperative multiphasic MDCT with up to four phases (unenhanced, corticomedullary, nephrographic, and excretory). Each lesion was reviewed for contour, spread pattern, pattern of enhancement, neovascularity, and calcification. Results Sarcomatoid RCCs and CDCs were more likely than other solid renal masses to have an irregular contour (64% vs 2%, P < 0.001) and an infiltrative spread pattern, defined as infiltration into adjacent renal parenchyma, collecting system, or neighboring structures (82% vs 7%, P < 0.001). When used to discriminate sarcomatoid RCC and CDC from other solid renal masses, an infiltrative spread pattern had a specificity of 93% (287/308) and sensitivity of 82% (9/11), and an irregular contour had a specificity of 98% (303/308) and sensitivity of 64% (7/11). Conclusions Solid renal lesions with an irregular contour or an infiltrative spread pattern are suspicious for sarcomatoid RCC or CDC.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1226-1232
Number of pages7
JournalAcademic Radiology
Volume24
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2017
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • collecting duct carcinoma
  • multidetector computed tomography
  • Renal cell carcinoma
  • sarcomatoid renal cell carcinoma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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