Salmonellosis in hospitalized horses: seasonality and case fatality rates.

J. D. Carter, D. W. Hird, T. B. Farver, C. A. Hjerpe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

49 Scopus citations

Abstract

Salmonellosis was studied during an 11-year period (July 1971 through June 1982) in 245 hospitalized horses. Ten years' data (207 cases) were analyzed in a time series study. Peak seasonality of the disease was from June through September. The cycle curve revealed 3 major outbreaks, with no apparent periodicity. Eighteen Salmonella serotypes caused clinical salmonellosis in horses, but 84% of the cases and 90% of the deaths were caused by 5 serotypes: Salmonella typhimurium, S typhimurium var copenhagen, S anatum, S kottbus, and S saint-paul. Overall, the case fatality rate was 44.9%. Excluding mixed infections, horses infected with S typhimurium and S typhimurium var copenhagen, had a significantly higher (P less than 0.001) case fatality rate (60.4%) than those infected with other Salmonella serotypes (32.3%).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)163-167
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
Volume188
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 15 1986

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

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