Safety outcomes of female sterilization by salpingectomy and tubal occlusion

Julie Westberg, Fiona Scott, Mitchell D Creinin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


Objective: Compare immediate and short-term complications and surgical times among women having laparoscopic salpingectomy or tubal occlusion for female sterilization. Study design: We used billing data to identify women having laparoscopic sterilization at our training institution between July 1, 2011, and June 30, 2015. We performed a retrospective chart review to extract demographic information, surgical times and complications within 30 days, including unscheduled clinic or emergency room visits. We categorized complications as immediate (prior to discharge) and short-term (within 30 days after the procedure). Surgeries including additional procedures other than IUD removal were considered mixed operations. Mixed operations and unilateral sterilization procedures were only included in safety evaluations. Results: The 149 procedures included 81 salpingectomies (including 18 mixed operations and 2 unilateral salpingectomies) and 68 tubal occlusions (including 8 mixed operations). All procedures involved Obstetrics and Gynecology residents. Salpingectomy and occlusion procedures had similar immediate (2.5% vs. 2.9%, p=1.0) and short-term (4.9% vs. 14.7%, p=.051) complication rates. Surgical time averaged 6 min longer for salpingectomies than occlusion procedures (44 vs. 38 min, respectively, p=.018). Average surgical times were shorter with more experienced (3rd/4th year) residents than less experienced (1st/2nd year) residents for both salpingectomy (32±18 min vs. 46±13 min, respectively, p=.124) and occlusion procedures (32±13 min vs. 41±12 min, respectively, p=.026). Conclusion: Salpingectomy for female sterilization takes slightly longer to complete than tubal occlusion procedures without evidence that it increases complications. Implications statement: Laparoscopic salpingectomy is a safe alternative to tubal occlusion with only a small increase in surgical time. Because salpingectomy offers higher efficacy and more ovarian cancer protection than occlusion procedures, salpingectomy should be an option offered to women seeking laparoscopic sterilization.

Original languageEnglish (US)
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 20 2017


  • Laparoscopic
  • Salpingectomy
  • Sterilization
  • Surgical time

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology


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