Objective: Our aim was to review the safety of percutaneous injection laryngoplasty using bovine crosslinked collagen, focusing specifically on two often-stated concerns: injecting patients who are taking the anticoagulant medication warfarin, and injecting patients without prior skin hypersensitivity testing. Study design and setting: Retrospective chart review of injection laryngoplasty performed between 1997 and 2006 at the University of California, Los Angeles. Results: The study group consisted of 895 patients who underwent 1290 injection laryngoplasty procedures. No bleeding complications were noted in 59 patients taking warfarin. No allergic complications were reported in 845 patients who did not undergo skin hypersensitivity testing before injection laryngoplasty. Conclusion: Percutaneous bovine crosslinked collagen injection laryngoplasty is safe in patients taking warfarin. Skin testing for hypersensitivity does not appear to be necessary before injection. Significance: Patients on warfarin are candidates for injection laryngoplasty without the need to discontinue the medication. Eliminating skin hypersensitivity testing before percutaneous bovine crosslinked collagen injection laryngoplasty allows for a prompt treatment of glottic insufficiency.
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