Safety of contrast-enhanced ultrasonography in dogs and cats: 488 cases (2002-2011)

Gabriela S. Seiler, James C. Brown, Jennifer A. Reetz, Olivier Taeymans, Melissa Bucknoff, Federica Rossi, Stefanie Ohlerth, Daniela Alder, Nathalie Rademacher, Wm Tod Drost, Rachel E Pollard, Olga Travetti, Pascaline Pey, Jimmy H. Saunders, Miriam M. Shanaman, Cintia R. Oliveira, Robert T. O'Brien, Lorrie Gaschen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective-To determine the incidence of adverse events within 24 hours after contrastenhanced ultrasonography (CEUS) in dogs and cats and compare the risk of death within 24 hours after imaging for animals that underwent ultrasonography with and without injection of a contrast agent. Design-Retrospective case-control study. Animals-750 animals (411 case dogs, 238 control dogs, 77 case cats, and 24 control cats). Procedures-At 11 institutions, medical records were reviewed of dogs and cats that had CEUS performed (cases) as were medical records of dogs and cats with clinical signs similar to those of case animals that had ultrasonography performed without injection of a contrast agent (controls). Information regarding signalment; preexisting disease; type, dose, and administration route of contrast agent used; immediate (within 1 hour after CEUS) and delayed (> 1 and ≤ 24 hours after CEUS) adverse events; and occurrence and cause of death (when available) was extracted from each medical record. Risk of death within 24 hours after ultrasonography was compared between case and control animals. Results-Of the 411 case dogs, 3 had immediate adverse events (vomiting or syncope) and 1 had a delayed adverse event (vomiting). No adverse events were recorded for case cats. Twenty-three of 357 (6.4%) clinically ill case animals and 14 of 262 (5.3%) clinically ill control animals died within 24 hours after ultrasonography; risk of death did not differ between cases and controls. Conclusions and Clinical Relevance-Results indicated that CEUS was safe in dogs and cats.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1255-1259
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
Volume242
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2013

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ultrasonography
Ultrasonography
Cats
Dogs
cats
Safety
dogs
animals
Contrast Media
death
Medical Records
vomiting
Vomiting
syncope
injection
Injections
Preexisting Condition Coverage
Syncope
case-control studies
Case-Control Studies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

Cite this

Seiler, G. S., Brown, J. C., Reetz, J. A., Taeymans, O., Bucknoff, M., Rossi, F., ... Gaschen, L. (2013). Safety of contrast-enhanced ultrasonography in dogs and cats: 488 cases (2002-2011). Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, 242(9), 1255-1259. https://doi.org/10.2460/javma.242.9.1255

Safety of contrast-enhanced ultrasonography in dogs and cats : 488 cases (2002-2011). / Seiler, Gabriela S.; Brown, James C.; Reetz, Jennifer A.; Taeymans, Olivier; Bucknoff, Melissa; Rossi, Federica; Ohlerth, Stefanie; Alder, Daniela; Rademacher, Nathalie; Drost, Wm Tod; Pollard, Rachel E; Travetti, Olga; Pey, Pascaline; Saunders, Jimmy H.; Shanaman, Miriam M.; Oliveira, Cintia R.; O'Brien, Robert T.; Gaschen, Lorrie.

In: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, Vol. 242, No. 9, 01.05.2013, p. 1255-1259.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Seiler, GS, Brown, JC, Reetz, JA, Taeymans, O, Bucknoff, M, Rossi, F, Ohlerth, S, Alder, D, Rademacher, N, Drost, WT, Pollard, RE, Travetti, O, Pey, P, Saunders, JH, Shanaman, MM, Oliveira, CR, O'Brien, RT & Gaschen, L 2013, 'Safety of contrast-enhanced ultrasonography in dogs and cats: 488 cases (2002-2011)', Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, vol. 242, no. 9, pp. 1255-1259. https://doi.org/10.2460/javma.242.9.1255
Seiler, Gabriela S. ; Brown, James C. ; Reetz, Jennifer A. ; Taeymans, Olivier ; Bucknoff, Melissa ; Rossi, Federica ; Ohlerth, Stefanie ; Alder, Daniela ; Rademacher, Nathalie ; Drost, Wm Tod ; Pollard, Rachel E ; Travetti, Olga ; Pey, Pascaline ; Saunders, Jimmy H. ; Shanaman, Miriam M. ; Oliveira, Cintia R. ; O'Brien, Robert T. ; Gaschen, Lorrie. / Safety of contrast-enhanced ultrasonography in dogs and cats : 488 cases (2002-2011). In: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association. 2013 ; Vol. 242, No. 9. pp. 1255-1259.
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AU - Reetz, Jennifer A.

AU - Taeymans, Olivier

AU - Bucknoff, Melissa

AU - Rossi, Federica

AU - Ohlerth, Stefanie

AU - Alder, Daniela

AU - Rademacher, Nathalie

AU - Drost, Wm Tod

AU - Pollard, Rachel E

AU - Travetti, Olga

AU - Pey, Pascaline

AU - Saunders, Jimmy H.

AU - Shanaman, Miriam M.

AU - Oliveira, Cintia R.

AU - O'Brien, Robert T.

AU - Gaschen, Lorrie

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N2 - Objective-To determine the incidence of adverse events within 24 hours after contrastenhanced ultrasonography (CEUS) in dogs and cats and compare the risk of death within 24 hours after imaging for animals that underwent ultrasonography with and without injection of a contrast agent. Design-Retrospective case-control study. Animals-750 animals (411 case dogs, 238 control dogs, 77 case cats, and 24 control cats). Procedures-At 11 institutions, medical records were reviewed of dogs and cats that had CEUS performed (cases) as were medical records of dogs and cats with clinical signs similar to those of case animals that had ultrasonography performed without injection of a contrast agent (controls). Information regarding signalment; preexisting disease; type, dose, and administration route of contrast agent used; immediate (within 1 hour after CEUS) and delayed (> 1 and ≤ 24 hours after CEUS) adverse events; and occurrence and cause of death (when available) was extracted from each medical record. Risk of death within 24 hours after ultrasonography was compared between case and control animals. Results-Of the 411 case dogs, 3 had immediate adverse events (vomiting or syncope) and 1 had a delayed adverse event (vomiting). No adverse events were recorded for case cats. Twenty-three of 357 (6.4%) clinically ill case animals and 14 of 262 (5.3%) clinically ill control animals died within 24 hours after ultrasonography; risk of death did not differ between cases and controls. Conclusions and Clinical Relevance-Results indicated that CEUS was safe in dogs and cats.

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