Ryanodine receptor type 1 (RyR1) possessing malignant hyperthermia mutation R615C exhibits heightened sensitivity to dysregulation by non-coplanar 2,2′,3,5′,6-pentachlorobiphenyl (PCB 95)

Tram Anh Ta, Isaac N Pessah

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Malignant hyperthermia (MH) susceptibility is conferred by inheriting one of >60 missense mutations within the highly regulated microsomal Ca2+ channel known as ryanodine receptor type 1 (RyR1). Although MH susceptible patients lack overt clinical signs, a potentially lethal MH syndrome can be triggered by exposure to halogenated alkane anesthetics. This study compares how non-coplanar 2,2′,3,5′,6-pentachlorobiphenyl (PCB 95), a congener identified in environmental and human samples, alters the binding properties of [3H]ryanodine to RyR1 in vitro. Junctional sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) was isolated from skeletal muscle dissected from wild type pigs (WtRyR1) and pigs homozygous for MH mutation R615C (MHRyR1), a mutation also found in humans. Although the level of WtRyR1 and MHRyR1 expression is the same, MHRyR1 shows heightened sensitivity to activation and altered regulation by physiological cations. We report here that MHRyR1 shows more pronounced activation by Ca2+, and is less sensitive to channel inhibition by Ca2+ and Mg2+, compared to WtRyR1. In a buffer containing 100 nM free Ca2+, conditions typically found in resting cells, PCB 95 (50-1000 nM) enhances the activity of MHRyR1 whereas it has no detectable effect on WtRyR1. PCB 95 (2 μM) decreases channel inhibition by Mg2+ to a greater extent in MHRyR1 (IC50 increased nine-fold) compared to WtRyR1 (IC50 increased by 2.5-fold). PCB95 reduces inhibition by Ca2+ two-fold more with MHRyR1 than WtRyR1. Our data suggest that non-coplanar PCBs are more potent and efficacious toward MHRyR1 than WtRyR1, and have more profound effects on its cation regulation. Considering the important roles of Ca2+ and Mg2+ in regulating Ca2+ signals involving RyR channels, these data provide the first mechanistic evidence that a genetic mutation known to confer susceptibility to pharmacological agents also enhances sensitivity to an environmental contaminant.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)770-779
Number of pages10
JournalNeuroToxicology
Volume28
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2007

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Keywords

  • Calcium
  • Gene-environment interaction
  • Malignant hyperthermia
  • Polychlorinated biphenyls
  • Ryanodine receptor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Toxicology

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