Role of the left hemisphere in visuospatial working memory

Selvi R. Paulraj, Krista Schendel, Brian Curran, Nina Dronkers, Juliana V. Baldo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Visuospatial processing deficits are typically associated with damage to the right hemisphere. However, deficits on spatial working memory have been reported among some individuals with focal left hemisphere damage (LHD). It has been suggested that the left hemisphere may play a role in such non-verbal working memory tasks due to the use of subvocal, verbally-mediated strategies. The current study investigated the role of the left hemisphere in spatial working memory by testing spatial span performance, both forward and backward, in a large group of individuals with a history of left hemisphere stroke. Our first aim was to establish whether individuals with LHD are indeed impaired on spatial span tasks using standardized span tasks with published normative data. Our second aim was to identify the role that language plays in supporting spatial working memory by comparing LHD individuals with and without aphasia, and by relating spatial span performance to performance on a series of language measures. Our third aim was to identify left hemisphere brain regions that contribute to spatial working memory using voxel-based lesion symptom mapping (VLSM), a whole-brain statistical approach that identifies regions critical to a particular behavior on a voxel-by-voxel basis. We found that 28% of individuals with LHD performed in the clinically-impaired range on forward spatial span and 16% performed in the clinically-impaired range on backward spatial span. There were no significant differences in performance between individuals with and without aphasia, and there were no correlations between spatial span performance and language functions such as repetition and comprehension. The VLSM analysis showed that backward spatial span was associated with a left fronto-parietal network consisting of somatosensory cortex, the supramarginal gyrus, lateral prefrontal cortex, and the frontal eye fields. Regions identified in the VLSM analysis of forward spatial span did not reach the conservative statistical threshold for significance. Overall, these results suggest that spatial working memory, as measured by spatial span, can be significantly disrupted in a subset of individuals with LHD whose lesions infringe on a network of regions in the left hemisphere that have been implicated in domain-general working memory and attentional control mechanisms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Neurolinguistics
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2018

Fingerprint

Short-Term Memory
damages
Language
Aphasia
performance
speech disorder
brain
deficit
language
Parietal Lobe
Spatial Analysis
Somatosensory Cortex
Brain
Frontal Lobe
stroke
Working Memory
Left Hemisphere
Prefrontal Cortex
comprehension
Stroke

Keywords

  • Aphasia
  • Fronto-parietal network
  • Left hemisphere
  • Spatial span
  • Voxel-based lesion symptom mapping
  • Working memory

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Linguistics and Language
  • Cognitive Neuroscience

Cite this

Role of the left hemisphere in visuospatial working memory. / Paulraj, Selvi R.; Schendel, Krista; Curran, Brian; Dronkers, Nina; Baldo, Juliana V.

In: Journal of Neurolinguistics, 01.01.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Paulraj, Selvi R. ; Schendel, Krista ; Curran, Brian ; Dronkers, Nina ; Baldo, Juliana V. / Role of the left hemisphere in visuospatial working memory. In: Journal of Neurolinguistics. 2018.
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