Role of metabolism on the DNA binding of MeIQx in mice and bacteria

Ken W Turteltaub, B. E. Watkins, M. Vanderlaan, J. S. Felton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Scopus citations


We report the effects of several inducers of P450 metabolizing enzymes on DNA adduct formation by 2-amino-3,8-dimethyl-imidazo[4,5-f]quinoxaline (MeIQx) in C57BL/6 mice. We also examined the role of N: O-acetylation and the nitrenium ion in the genotoxicity of MeIQx, since these have been implicated in the activation of other aminoimidazoazaarenes (AIA) to DNA reactive species. Mice were given phenobarbital (PB), Aroclor 1254, beta-naphthoflavone (BNF) or corn oil, i.p., followed 3-5 days later with oral administration of MeIQx. Induction by Aroclor and BNF produced DNA with 8-fold more adducts than either the corn oil-alone or PB-treated animals. Both corn oil-alone and PB-treated animals were similar. Four major adducts were found in all cases with no differences among inducers as judged by co-chromatography. Azido-MeIQx induced calf-thymus-DNA adducts produced identical adduct profiles to those seen for the mouse DNA. Similar adduct profiles were obtained from Salmonella TA98, and the nitroreductase deficient strains (TA98NR and TA98/1,8-DNP6) exposed to MeIQx in the presence of Aroclor-induced-mouse-liver S9. Adduct frequencies in TA98/1,8-DNP6 were significantly lower than in TA98 and TA98NR. The data described in this report demonstrate that induction quantitatively increases adduct numbers but does not affect the types of DNA damage. These data also suggest that the same DNA reactive intermediates are formed in vivo as in vitro and support the hypothesis that the metabolism of MeIQx involves the P450I family of isozymes, N: O-acetyltransferases and possibly a nitrenium ion. The application of radioanalytic scanners for quantitation of 32P-postlabelling adduct maps is described.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)43-49
Number of pages7
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1990
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Statistics, Probability and Uncertainty
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Physiology
  • Behavioral Neuroscience


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