Role of Hippoboscidae flies as potential vectors of Bartonella spp. infecting wild and domestic ruminants

Lénaïg Halos, Taoufik Jamal, Renaud Maillard, Benjamin Girard, Jacques Guillot, Bruno B Chomel, Muriel Vayssier-Taussat, Henri Jean Boulouis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

96 Scopus citations


The putative role of biting flies in Bartonella transmission among ruminants was investigated. Amplification of the Bartonella citrate synthase gene from 83 Hippoboscidae was detected in 94% of 48 adult Lipoptena cervi flies, 71% of 17 adult Hippobosca equina flies, 100% of 20 adult Melophagus ovinus flies, and 100% of 10 M. ovinus pupae. Our findings suggest that Hippoboscidae play a role in the transmission of Bartonella among ruminants. The vertical transmission of Bartonella in M. ovinus and the presence of Bartonella DNA in all samples suggest a symbiotic association between Bartonella and M. ovinus.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6302-6305
Number of pages4
JournalApplied and Environmental Microbiology
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 2004


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Biotechnology
  • Microbiology

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