Role of gastrin/CCK-B receptors in meal-stimulated acid secretion in rats

K. Aurang, C. F. Spraggs, C. Jordan, Kevin C K Lloyd

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Abstract

Gastrin is the principal hormonal mediator of gastric acid secretion. Using an in vivo, intact, anesthetized rat model, we studied the role of gastrin/cholecystokinin (CCK)-B receptors in regulating the release of histamine and somatostatin during intragastric stimulation of acid secretion during a peptone meal. In pylorus-ligated, adult male rats (each implanted with a gastric cannula and portal venous and splenic artery catheters), after a 30-min basal period, gastric acid secretion was stimulated for 90 min either by an intravenous infusion of gastrin-17 (15 μg · kg-1 · h-1) or by extragastric titration of 5 ml 8% peptone meal at pH 5.5. Basal and stimulated acid outputs and portal venous plasma gastrin, histamine, and somatostatin concentrations were measured before and after close-arterial injection of a new, relatively selective, gastrin/CCK-B receptor antagonist GR143330X. GR143330X reduced basal acid output by 50% but not basal plasma gastrin, histamine, or somatostatin concentrations. GR143330X reduced gastrin-stimulated acid output by 80%, plasma histamine by 70%, and plasma somatostatin by 34%. During intragastric peptone meal stimulation GR143330X reduced the acid response by 42% during the 30- to 60-min period but not during the 60- to 90-min period. GR143330X reduced the plasma histamine response by 72 and 68%, and the plasma somatostatin response by 32 and 54% during the 30- to 60- and 60- to 90-min periods, respectively. GR143330X did not block the gastrin response to peptone at any time. These results indicate that GR143330X is an effective agent for blocking gastrin-stimulated acid secretion and histamine and somatostatin release in rats. Furthermore, we show for the first time in an intact, in vivo, anesthetized rat model that meal-stimulated activation of gastrin/CCK-B receptors stimulates acid secretion in part by regulating the release of histamine and somatostatin.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
Volume272
Issue number5 35-5
StatePublished - May 1997

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Keywords

  • Histamine
  • Receptor antagonists
  • Somatostatin
  • Stomach

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology
  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

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