Role of eicosanoids, histamine, and serotonin in the pathogenesis of Klebsiella pneumoniae-induced bovine mastitis.

S. Zia, S. N. Giri, James S Cullor, P. Emau, Bennie Osburn, R. B. Bushnell

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Abstract

By inoculating Klebsiella pneumoniae into the teat canals of mammary glands, coliform mastitis was induced experimentally in 6 lactating cows. Release of eicosanoids, histamine, and serotonin in plasma and milk was studied in response to 2 doses of K pneumoniae. A low dose (mean, 5,000 organisms/ml) was inoculated into cows 1 through 4, and a high dose (mean, 200,000 organisms/ml) was inoculated into cows 5 and 6. Milk and blood samples were collected before inoculation (0 hours), and hourly, from 3 to 24 hours after inoculation. Concentrations of prostaglandin F2 alpha (PGF2 alpha), prostaglandin E (PGE), thromboxane B2 (TxB2), histamine, and serotonin were measured in plasma and milk obtained from control (NaCl solution-inoculated) and infected quarters. Fluorometric analysis of milk from infected quarters revealed significantly increased histamine and serotonin concentrations regardless of the dose of K pneumoniae. The mean (+/- SEM) peak concentrations of histamine were significantly (P less than 0.01) increased from the preinoculation value of 44 (+/- 12) ng/ml to 312 (+/- 104) ng/ml in milk from infected quarters and 72 (+/- 24) ng/ml in milk from control quarters. The mean peak concentration of serotonin increased significantly from the preinoculation concentration of 436 (+/- 37) ng/ml to 1,754 (+/- 662) ng/ml and 4,867 (+/- 1,248) ng/ml in milk from control (P less than 0.02) and infected (P less than 0.001) quarters, respectively. However, serotonin concentration in milk from infected quarters was approximately 2.8 times greater than that in milk from control quarters. Concentrations of PGF2 alpha, PGE, and TxB2 in milk and plasma were evaluated by radioimmunoassay.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1617-1625
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican Journal of Veterinary Research
Volume48
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 1987

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

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