Role of cyclic GMP in atrial natriuretic factor stimulation of Na+,K+,Cl- cotransport in vascular smooth muscle cells

Martha E O'Donnell, N. E. Owen

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74 Scopus citations


Atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) has been shown to bind to specific receptors on vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) and to cause an increase in intracellular cyclic (GMP (cGMP) content. We have recently demonstrated that a prominent Na+,K+,Cl- cotransport system is present in VSMC and that a permeable cGMP analog (8-bromo-cGMP) stimulates activity of the cotransporter. We have also shown that the ANF peptide, rat atriopeptin III, stimulates Na+,K+,Cl- cotransport and elevates intracellular cGMP levels in VSMC. In the present study, we tested the hypothesis that ANF stimulation of Na+,K+,Cl- cotransport occurs via an increase in cGMP levels. When the quinolinedione, 6-anilo-5,8-quinolinedione (LY83583) (10 μM), was used to block formation of cGMP in VSMC from primary cultures of rat thoracic aorta, it was found that both basal and rat atriopeptin III (100 nM)-stimulated Na+,K+,Cl- cotransport were significantly inhibited. The effect of LY83583 was dose-dependent and the half-maximal inhibitory concentration was 0.5 μM. LY83583 also inhibited cotransport in the presence of a maximal concentration of 8-bromo-cGMP. However, this inhibition was not seen in cells also treated with 2-O-propoxyphenyl-8-azapurin-6-one (M&B 22,948), an inhibitor of cGMP phosphodiesterase. M&B 22,948 alone also increased levels of cotransport. Since inhibition of cGMP formation blocks ANF-stimulated Na+,K+,Cl- cotransport and inhibition of cGMP breakdown enhances Na+,K+,Cl- cotransport, we conclude that ANF stimulation of Na+,K+,Cl- cotransport in VSMC is mediated via increase in intracellular cGMP levels.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)15461-15466
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number33
StatePublished - 1986
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry


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