Robot-assisted computer enhanced closed-chest coronary surgery: preliminary experience using a Harmonic Scalpel and ZEUS.

B. Kiaii, Walter D Boyd, R. Rayman, W. B. Dobkowski, S. Ganapathy, G. Jablonsky, R. J. Novick

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Scopus citations


BACKGROUND: Successful endoscopic harvesting of arterial conduits is critical to the performance of totally endoscopic bypass grafting. Recent success with computer-enhanced robotic systems in the performance of endoscopic single vessel coronary artery bypass (ENDOCAB) has paved the way for developing techniques for multivessel ENDOCAB. The Harmonic Scalpel (Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Cincinnati, OH) has previously demonstrated versatility and efficacy in manual endoscopic internal thoracic artery (ITA) harvesting. This study was undertaken to determine the feasibility of adapting this technology to a robotic telemanipulation system and its safety and efficacy in telerobotic ITA harvesting. METHODS: The Harmonic Scalpel was adapted to the ZEUS robotic surgical system (Computer Motion, Goleta, CA) and used to harvest the ITA in 19 patients undergoing multivessel off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) surgery. With the left lung collapsed, the ITA was harvested in all patients with CO2 insufflation through three 5 mm ports in the left chest. Postoperative angiography and transthoracic Doppler studies were performed in all patients. RESULTS: There were no ITA injuries and patients tolerated insufflation without hemodynamic compromise. Side branches were controlled easily without bleeding. Average ITA harvest time was 65 +/- 21 minutes. All vessels were patent after harvesting and demonstrated no angiographic evidence of injury. CONCLUSIONS: This paper demonstrates a technique by which the Harmonic Scalpel can be readily adapted to the ZEUS robotic telemanipulation system. Using this system, ITA's can be safely harvested totally endoscopically within a reasonable time frame for patients undergoing ENDOCAB.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)194-197
Number of pages4
JournalThe heart surgery forum.
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2000
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


Dive into the research topics of 'Robot-assisted computer enhanced closed-chest coronary surgery: preliminary experience using a Harmonic Scalpel and ZEUS.'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this