Robot-assisted computer enhanced closed-chest coronary surgery

preliminary experience using a Harmonic Scalpel and ZEUS.

B. Kiaii, Walter D Boyd, R. Rayman, W. B. Dobkowski, S. Ganapathy, G. Jablonsky, R. J. Novick

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Successful endoscopic harvesting of arterial conduits is critical to the performance of totally endoscopic bypass grafting. Recent success with computer-enhanced robotic systems in the performance of endoscopic single vessel coronary artery bypass (ENDOCAB) has paved the way for developing techniques for multivessel ENDOCAB. The Harmonic Scalpel (Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Cincinnati, OH) has previously demonstrated versatility and efficacy in manual endoscopic internal thoracic artery (ITA) harvesting. This study was undertaken to determine the feasibility of adapting this technology to a robotic telemanipulation system and its safety and efficacy in telerobotic ITA harvesting. METHODS: The Harmonic Scalpel was adapted to the ZEUS robotic surgical system (Computer Motion, Goleta, CA) and used to harvest the ITA in 19 patients undergoing multivessel off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) surgery. With the left lung collapsed, the ITA was harvested in all patients with CO2 insufflation through three 5 mm ports in the left chest. Postoperative angiography and transthoracic Doppler studies were performed in all patients. RESULTS: There were no ITA injuries and patients tolerated insufflation without hemodynamic compromise. Side branches were controlled easily without bleeding. Average ITA harvest time was 65 +/- 21 minutes. All vessels were patent after harvesting and demonstrated no angiographic evidence of injury. CONCLUSIONS: This paper demonstrates a technique by which the Harmonic Scalpel can be readily adapted to the ZEUS robotic telemanipulation system. Using this system, ITA's can be safely harvested totally endoscopically within a reasonable time frame for patients undergoing ENDOCAB.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)194-197
Number of pages4
JournalThe heart surgery forum.
Volume3
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2000
Externally publishedYes

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Mammary Arteries
Robotics
Thorax
Coronary Artery Bypass
Insufflation
Off-Pump Coronary Artery Bypass
Thoracic Injuries
Computer Systems
Angiography
Hemodynamics
Hemorrhage
Technology
Safety
Lung
Wounds and Injuries

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

Kiaii, B., Boyd, W. D., Rayman, R., Dobkowski, W. B., Ganapathy, S., Jablonsky, G., & Novick, R. J. (2000). Robot-assisted computer enhanced closed-chest coronary surgery: preliminary experience using a Harmonic Scalpel and ZEUS. The heart surgery forum., 3(3), 194-197.

Robot-assisted computer enhanced closed-chest coronary surgery : preliminary experience using a Harmonic Scalpel and ZEUS. / Kiaii, B.; Boyd, Walter D; Rayman, R.; Dobkowski, W. B.; Ganapathy, S.; Jablonsky, G.; Novick, R. J.

In: The heart surgery forum., Vol. 3, No. 3, 2000, p. 194-197.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kiaii, B, Boyd, WD, Rayman, R, Dobkowski, WB, Ganapathy, S, Jablonsky, G & Novick, RJ 2000, 'Robot-assisted computer enhanced closed-chest coronary surgery: preliminary experience using a Harmonic Scalpel and ZEUS.', The heart surgery forum., vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 194-197.
Kiaii, B. ; Boyd, Walter D ; Rayman, R. ; Dobkowski, W. B. ; Ganapathy, S. ; Jablonsky, G. ; Novick, R. J. / Robot-assisted computer enhanced closed-chest coronary surgery : preliminary experience using a Harmonic Scalpel and ZEUS. In: The heart surgery forum. 2000 ; Vol. 3, No. 3. pp. 194-197.
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