RNase H activity associated with reverse transcriptase from feline immunodeficiency virus

Richard C. Cronn, Jeff D. Whitmer, Thomas W. North

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Reverse transcription of retroviral genomes requires the action of an RNase H for template switching and primer generation. In this report, we compare enzymatic properties of the RNase H associated with the reverse transcriptase (RT) from feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) and that from human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Both enzymes displayed substrate preference for poly[3H](rG) · poly(dC) hybrid over poly[3H](rA) · poly(dT) and cation preference for Mg2+ over Mn2+. Activity of the FIV RNase H upon poly(rG) · poly(dC) produced hydrolysis products from 1 to 6 nucleotides in length, similar to that reported for HIV. Dextran sulfates were effective inhibitors of both the FIV and HIV RNase H and RT activities. Nearly identical inhibition constants (0.12 nM) were obtained for all enzyme activities with dextran sulfate 500,000, while different inhibition constants were observed with dextran sulfate 8,000. Our results suggest that FIV and HIV RTs contain a conserved region that is sensitive to the larger dextran sulfate and that dextran sulfate 8,000 may interact at a different site or by a different mechanism.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1215-1218
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Virology
Volume66
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 1992
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology

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  • Cite this

    Cronn, R. C., Whitmer, J. D., & North, T. W. (1992). RNase H activity associated with reverse transcriptase from feline immunodeficiency virus. Journal of Virology, 66(2), 1215-1218.