RNA-binding protein PCBP2 regulates p73 expression and p73-dependent antioxidant defense

Cong Ren, Jin Zhang, Wensheng Yan, Yanhong Zhang, Xinbin Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

TAp73, a member of the p53 family tumor suppressors, plays a critical rule in tumor suppression and neuronal development. However, how p73 activity is controlled at the posttranscriptional level is not well understood. Here, we showed that TAp73 activity is regulated by RNA-binding protein PCBP2. Specifically, we found that knockdown or knock-out of PCBP2 reduces, whereas ectopic expression of PCBP2 increases, TAp73 expression. We also showed that PCBP2 is necessary for p73 mRNA stability via the CU-rich elements in p73 3′-UTR. To uncover the biological relevance of PCBP2-regulated TAp73 expression, we showed that ectopic expression of PCBP2 inhibits, whereas knockdown or knock-out of PCBP2 increases, the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in a TAp73-dependent manner. Additionally, we found that glutaminase 2 (GLS2), a modulator of p73-dependent antioxidant defense, is also involved in PCBP2-regulated ROS production. Moreover, we generated PCBP2-deficient mice and primary mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) and showed that loss of PCBP2 leads to decreased p73 expression and, subsequently, increased ROS production and accelerated cellular senescence. Together, our data suggest that PCBP2 regulates p73 expression via mRNA stability and p73-dependent biological function in ROS production and cellular senescence.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9629-9637
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume291
Issue number18
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 29 2016

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RNA-Binding Proteins
Reactive Oxygen Species
Antioxidants
Cell Aging
RNA Stability
Tumors
Glutaminase
Messenger RNA
3' Untranslated Regions
Fibroblasts
Modulators
Neoplasms
Ectopic Gene Expression

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

RNA-binding protein PCBP2 regulates p73 expression and p73-dependent antioxidant defense. / Ren, Cong; Zhang, Jin; Yan, Wensheng; Zhang, Yanhong; Chen, Xinbin.

In: Journal of Biological Chemistry, Vol. 291, No. 18, 29.04.2016, p. 9629-9637.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "TAp73, a member of the p53 family tumor suppressors, plays a critical rule in tumor suppression and neuronal development. However, how p73 activity is controlled at the posttranscriptional level is not well understood. Here, we showed that TAp73 activity is regulated by RNA-binding protein PCBP2. Specifically, we found that knockdown or knock-out of PCBP2 reduces, whereas ectopic expression of PCBP2 increases, TAp73 expression. We also showed that PCBP2 is necessary for p73 mRNA stability via the CU-rich elements in p73 3′-UTR. To uncover the biological relevance of PCBP2-regulated TAp73 expression, we showed that ectopic expression of PCBP2 inhibits, whereas knockdown or knock-out of PCBP2 increases, the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in a TAp73-dependent manner. Additionally, we found that glutaminase 2 (GLS2), a modulator of p73-dependent antioxidant defense, is also involved in PCBP2-regulated ROS production. Moreover, we generated PCBP2-deficient mice and primary mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) and showed that loss of PCBP2 leads to decreased p73 expression and, subsequently, increased ROS production and accelerated cellular senescence. Together, our data suggest that PCBP2 regulates p73 expression via mRNA stability and p73-dependent biological function in ROS production and cellular senescence.",
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AU - Zhang, Jin

AU - Yan, Wensheng

AU - Zhang, Yanhong

AU - Chen, Xinbin

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AB - TAp73, a member of the p53 family tumor suppressors, plays a critical rule in tumor suppression and neuronal development. However, how p73 activity is controlled at the posttranscriptional level is not well understood. Here, we showed that TAp73 activity is regulated by RNA-binding protein PCBP2. Specifically, we found that knockdown or knock-out of PCBP2 reduces, whereas ectopic expression of PCBP2 increases, TAp73 expression. We also showed that PCBP2 is necessary for p73 mRNA stability via the CU-rich elements in p73 3′-UTR. To uncover the biological relevance of PCBP2-regulated TAp73 expression, we showed that ectopic expression of PCBP2 inhibits, whereas knockdown or knock-out of PCBP2 increases, the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in a TAp73-dependent manner. Additionally, we found that glutaminase 2 (GLS2), a modulator of p73-dependent antioxidant defense, is also involved in PCBP2-regulated ROS production. Moreover, we generated PCBP2-deficient mice and primary mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) and showed that loss of PCBP2 leads to decreased p73 expression and, subsequently, increased ROS production and accelerated cellular senescence. Together, our data suggest that PCBP2 regulates p73 expression via mRNA stability and p73-dependent biological function in ROS production and cellular senescence.

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