Risk of hypertension and abnormal biomarkers in the first year postpartum associated with hypertensive disorders of pregnancy among overweight and obese women

Alisse Hauspurg, Malamo E. Countouris, Arun Jeyabalan, Carl A. Hubel, James M. Roberts, Eleanor Schwarz, Janet M. Catov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: Hypertension and obesity are common cardiometabolic risk factors in reproductive age women. The association of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy with later-life cardiovascular disease is well-established, however, it is unknown how obesity and hypertensive disorders of pregnancy converge to accelerate development of hypertension in the postpartum period. The aim of this study was to characterize rates of sustained hypertension at one year postpartum using the new American Heart Association/American College of Cardiology Guidelines among overweight and obese women with a normotensive pregnancy or hypertensive disorder of pregnancy. Study design: 315 early pregnant women were enrolled prospectively and followed up to 12 months after delivery (mean 7.0 ± 1.8 months). At a postpartum research visit, we measured blood pressure and collected blood samples to measure cystatin C and high sensitivity C-reactive protein. Results: A total of 254 women had a normotensive pregnancy, 39 had gestational hypertension (12.4%) and 22 had preeclampsia (7.0%). 91 women had hypertension at the postpartum study visit (28.9%). After adjustment for maternal age, BMI, lactation and time postpartum, preeclampsia was associated with an aOR 2.35 (95%CI 1.63–3.41) of development of sustained hypertension and an aOR 3.23 (95%CI 1.56–6.68) of hypertension with abnormal biomarkers compared to women with normotensive pregnancies. Conclusions: We demonstrate a high prevalence of hypertension and abnormal biomarkers associated with hypertensive disorders of pregnancy among overweight and obese women. Our findings support the need for structured follow up and risk reduction in overweight and obese women with hypertensive disorders of pregnancy as early as the first year postpartum.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-6
Number of pages6
JournalPregnancy Hypertension
Volume15
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

Keywords

  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Chronic hypertension
  • Cystatin C
  • Gestational hypertension
  • HsCRP
  • Preeclampsia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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