Risk for avian influenza virus exposure at human-wildlife interface

Jennifer Siembieda, Christine K Johnson, Walter M Boyce, Christian E Sandrock, Carol Cardona

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


To assess risk for human exposure to avian influenza viruses (AIV), we sampled California wild birds and marine mammals during October 2005-August 2007and estimated human-wildlife contact. Waterfowl hunters were 8 times more likely to have contact with AIV-infected wildlife than were persons with casual or occupational exposures (p<0.0001).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1151-1153
Number of pages3
JournalEmerging Infectious Diseases
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 2008

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)


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