Risk factors for venous thromboembolism after total hip and knee replacement surgery

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

123 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Elective total hip and total knee arthroplasty surgeries are associated with an extraordinarily high incidence of asymptomatic venous thromboembolism (VTE). Symptomatic deep vein thrombosis (DVT) or pulmonary embolism (PE) is diagnosed in only 2%-4% of these patients. A number of studies have defined the incidence and time course of symptomatic thromboembolism after these procedures. Knee arthroplasty is associated with a very high incidence of asymptomatic calf vein thrombosis, with almost all symptomatic VTE events diagnosed in the first 21 days after surgery. Hip arthroplasty, however, is associated with a higher incidence of asymptomatic proximal thrombi and a modestly higher incidence of symptomatic VTE events, many diagnosed up to 6 or 8 weeks after hospital discharge. Extended medical thromboprophylaxis has been shown to reduce the incidence of symptomatic and asymptomatic VTE among hip arthroplasty patients but not among knee arthroplasty patients. Risk factors for VTE after knee arthroplasty are not well defined. Important risk factors that have been shown to be associated with the development of VTE after hip surgery include (1) a history of prior VTE, (2) obesity (body mass index > 25), (3) delay in ambulation after surgery, and (4) female sex. Factors associated with lower risk include (1) Asian/Pacific Islander ethnicity, (2) use of pneumatic compression among non-obese patients after surgery, and (3) extended thromboprophylaxis after hospital discharge.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)365-371
Number of pages7
JournalCurrent Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine
Volume8
Issue number5
StatePublished - 2002

Fingerprint

Knee Replacement Arthroplasties
Hip Replacement Arthroplasties
Venous Thromboembolism
Hip
Incidence
Arthroplasty
Thrombosis
Thromboembolism
Ambulatory Surgical Procedures
Pulmonary Embolism
Venous Thrombosis
Walking
Veins
Body Mass Index
Obesity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

Cite this

@article{97ad911831b5491ab004946ee547a339,
title = "Risk factors for venous thromboembolism after total hip and knee replacement surgery",
abstract = "Elective total hip and total knee arthroplasty surgeries are associated with an extraordinarily high incidence of asymptomatic venous thromboembolism (VTE). Symptomatic deep vein thrombosis (DVT) or pulmonary embolism (PE) is diagnosed in only 2{\%}-4{\%} of these patients. A number of studies have defined the incidence and time course of symptomatic thromboembolism after these procedures. Knee arthroplasty is associated with a very high incidence of asymptomatic calf vein thrombosis, with almost all symptomatic VTE events diagnosed in the first 21 days after surgery. Hip arthroplasty, however, is associated with a higher incidence of asymptomatic proximal thrombi and a modestly higher incidence of symptomatic VTE events, many diagnosed up to 6 or 8 weeks after hospital discharge. Extended medical thromboprophylaxis has been shown to reduce the incidence of symptomatic and asymptomatic VTE among hip arthroplasty patients but not among knee arthroplasty patients. Risk factors for VTE after knee arthroplasty are not well defined. Important risk factors that have been shown to be associated with the development of VTE after hip surgery include (1) a history of prior VTE, (2) obesity (body mass index > 25), (3) delay in ambulation after surgery, and (4) female sex. Factors associated with lower risk include (1) Asian/Pacific Islander ethnicity, (2) use of pneumatic compression among non-obese patients after surgery, and (3) extended thromboprophylaxis after hospital discharge.",
author = "White, {Richard H} and Henderson, {Mark C}",
year = "2002",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "8",
pages = "365--371",
journal = "Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine",
issn = "1070-5287",
publisher = "Lippincott Williams and Wilkins",
number = "5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Risk factors for venous thromboembolism after total hip and knee replacement surgery

AU - White, Richard H

AU - Henderson, Mark C

PY - 2002

Y1 - 2002

N2 - Elective total hip and total knee arthroplasty surgeries are associated with an extraordinarily high incidence of asymptomatic venous thromboembolism (VTE). Symptomatic deep vein thrombosis (DVT) or pulmonary embolism (PE) is diagnosed in only 2%-4% of these patients. A number of studies have defined the incidence and time course of symptomatic thromboembolism after these procedures. Knee arthroplasty is associated with a very high incidence of asymptomatic calf vein thrombosis, with almost all symptomatic VTE events diagnosed in the first 21 days after surgery. Hip arthroplasty, however, is associated with a higher incidence of asymptomatic proximal thrombi and a modestly higher incidence of symptomatic VTE events, many diagnosed up to 6 or 8 weeks after hospital discharge. Extended medical thromboprophylaxis has been shown to reduce the incidence of symptomatic and asymptomatic VTE among hip arthroplasty patients but not among knee arthroplasty patients. Risk factors for VTE after knee arthroplasty are not well defined. Important risk factors that have been shown to be associated with the development of VTE after hip surgery include (1) a history of prior VTE, (2) obesity (body mass index > 25), (3) delay in ambulation after surgery, and (4) female sex. Factors associated with lower risk include (1) Asian/Pacific Islander ethnicity, (2) use of pneumatic compression among non-obese patients after surgery, and (3) extended thromboprophylaxis after hospital discharge.

AB - Elective total hip and total knee arthroplasty surgeries are associated with an extraordinarily high incidence of asymptomatic venous thromboembolism (VTE). Symptomatic deep vein thrombosis (DVT) or pulmonary embolism (PE) is diagnosed in only 2%-4% of these patients. A number of studies have defined the incidence and time course of symptomatic thromboembolism after these procedures. Knee arthroplasty is associated with a very high incidence of asymptomatic calf vein thrombosis, with almost all symptomatic VTE events diagnosed in the first 21 days after surgery. Hip arthroplasty, however, is associated with a higher incidence of asymptomatic proximal thrombi and a modestly higher incidence of symptomatic VTE events, many diagnosed up to 6 or 8 weeks after hospital discharge. Extended medical thromboprophylaxis has been shown to reduce the incidence of symptomatic and asymptomatic VTE among hip arthroplasty patients but not among knee arthroplasty patients. Risk factors for VTE after knee arthroplasty are not well defined. Important risk factors that have been shown to be associated with the development of VTE after hip surgery include (1) a history of prior VTE, (2) obesity (body mass index > 25), (3) delay in ambulation after surgery, and (4) female sex. Factors associated with lower risk include (1) Asian/Pacific Islander ethnicity, (2) use of pneumatic compression among non-obese patients after surgery, and (3) extended thromboprophylaxis after hospital discharge.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0036325728&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0036325728&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 12172437

AN - SCOPUS:0036325728

VL - 8

SP - 365

EP - 371

JO - Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine

JF - Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine

SN - 1070-5287

IS - 5

ER -